BACKGROUND It is the responsibility of health systems to provide quality health care and to protect consumers against impoverishing health costs. In the case of infertility in developing countries, quality care is often lacking and treatment costs are usually covered by patients. Additional financial hardship may be caused by various social consequences.… (More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis examining the impact of TB treatment at the time of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) initiation on subsequent mortality. METHODS We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and selected conference proceedings for studies that report adult mortality on cART, stratified by TB treatment status at… (More)
Persons who died of Ebola virus disease at home in rural communities in Liberia and Guinea resulted in more secondary infections than persons admitted to Ebola treatment units. Intensified monitoring of contacts of persons who died of this disease in the community is an evidence-based approach to reduce virus transmission in rural communities.
an emergency syringe exchange program (SEP) was implemented in response to an unprecedented HIV outbreak linked to injection drug use in a small rural Indiana community. To assess impact of the SEP, we compared injection-related risk behaviors reported over time. Methods. At each SEP visit, clients received sterile syringes, a wound kit, harm reduction… (More)