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In the past, several researchers have reported a substantial shift in the peak of the tone-evoked excitation pattern toward the base of the cochlea following an increase in the SPL of the stimulating tone. Evidence for such peak shifts has been found in the responses of auditory nerve fibers, cochlear microphonics, and the responses of outer hair cells and(More)
Three experiments were designed to examine temporal envelope processing by cochlear implant (CI) listeners. In experiment 1, the hypothesis that listeners' modulation sensitivity would in part determine their ability to discriminate between temporal modulation rates was examined. Temporal modulation transfer functions (TMTFs) obtained in an amplitude(More)
Auditory stream segregation was measured in cochlear implant (CI) listeners using a subjective "Yes-No" task in which listeners indicated whether a sequence of stimuli was perceived as two separate streams or not. Stimuli were brief, 50-ms pulse trains A and B, presented in an A_B_A_A_B_A... sequence, with 50 ms in between consecutive stimuli. All stimuli(More)
Our preceding paper described SPL-dependent changes in the shape of transfer functions recorded from inner and outer hair cells as well as supporting cells, in the 500-2500 Hz regions of the Mongolian gerbil cochlea. As SPL was increased, large shifts were observed in the peak of the transfer function. A strongly compressive nonlinearity was also observed(More)
Across-channel interactions in multi-electrode cochlear implant patients may be critical to their performance in the natural auditory environment. One measure of channel interaction can be obtained using forward masking. The patterns of threshold shift were obtained as a function of the separation between masker and probe electrode pairs in four(More)
Fundamental frequency (F0) processing by cochlear implant (CI) listeners was measured using a psychophysical task and a speech intonation recognition task. Listeners' Weber fractions for modulation frequency discrimination were measured using an adaptive, 3-interval, forced-choice paradigm: stimuli were presented through a custom research interface. In the(More)
Cochlear implants restore auditory sensitivity to the profoundly hearing-impaired by means of electrical stimulation of residual auditory nerve fibers. Sensorineural hearing loss results in a loss of spontaneous activity among the remaining auditory neurons and is accompanied by a reduction in the normal stochastic nature of neural firing in response to(More)
The effect of increasing the separation between the two members of a stimulating electrode pair was studied in four users of the Nucleus-22 cochlear implant. Two experiments were performed. In experiment 1, detection threshold for a 200-ms, 500-pulses/s biphasic pulse train was measured as the spatial separation between the active and return electrodes was(More)
Temporal gap detection thresholds were measured between perceptually dissimilar electrical markers in cochlear implant listeners. Both markers were presented to the same electrode pair. The amplitude and pulse rate of the first marker were fixed, and gap thresholds were measured as a function of either the pulse rate or the amplitude of the second marker.(More)
It is hypothesized that channel-interaction in cochlear implant listeners as measured in a modulation-masking experiment would be influenced by both the tonotopic overlap between masker and signal as well as an interaction between their envelopes. Two experiments were conducted to measure the effects of maskers with noisy and steady-state envelopes on(More)