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Speech recognition is robust to background noise. One underlying neural mechanism is that the auditory system segregates speech from the listening background and encodes it reliably. Such robust internal representation has been demonstrated in auditory cortex by neural activity entrained to the temporal envelope of speech. A paradox, however, then arises,(More)
Fundamental frequency (F0) processing by cochlear implant (CI) listeners was measured using a psychophysical task and a speech intonation recognition task. Listeners' Weber fractions for modulation frequency discrimination were measured using an adaptive, 3-interval, forced-choice paradigm: stimuli were presented through a custom research interface. In the(More)
Auditory stream segregation was measured in cochlear implant (CI) listeners using a subjective "Yes-No" task in which listeners indicated whether a sequence of stimuli was perceived as two separate streams or not. Stimuli were brief, 50-ms pulse trains A and B, presented in an A_B_A_A_B_A... sequence, with 50 ms in between consecutive stimuli. All stimuli(More)
Three experiments were designed to examine temporal envelope processing by cochlear implant (CI) listeners. In experiment 1, the hypothesis that listeners' modulation sensitivity would in part determine their ability to discriminate between temporal modulation rates was examined. Temporal modulation transfer functions (TMTFs) obtained in an amplitude(More)
Our preceding paper described SPL-dependent changes in the shape of transfer functions recorded from inner and outer hair cells as well as supporting cells, in the 500-2500 Hz regions of the Mongolian gerbil cochlea. As SPL was increased, large shifts were observed in the peak of the transfer function. A strongly compressive nonlinearity was also observed(More)
There is a wide range of acoustic and visual variability across different talkers and different speaking contexts. Listeners with normal hearing (NH) accommodate that variability in ways that facilitate efficient perception, but it is not known whether listeners with cochlear implants (CIs) can do the same. In this study, listeners with NH and listeners(More)
Previous work by Polka, Rvachew, and Molnar [Infancy 13(5), 421-439 (2008)] has reported that infants are poor at focusing their attention on a particular frequency range, and, as a result, are distracted by maskers that are outside of the target frequency range. The current study explores this effect of irrelevant distractors further and finds that(More)
Across-channel interactions in multi-electrode cochlear implant patients may be critical to their performance in the natural auditory environment. One measure of channel interaction can be obtained using forward masking. The patterns of threshold shift were obtained as a function of the separation between masker and probe electrode pairs in four(More)
Cochlear implants restore auditory sensitivity to the profoundly hearing-impaired by means of electrical stimulation of residual auditory nerve fibers. Sensorineural hearing loss results in a loss of spontaneous activity among the remaining auditory neurons and is accompanied by a reduction in the normal stochastic nature of neural firing in response to(More)
In the past, several researchers have reported a substantial shift in the peak of the tone-evoked excitation pattern toward the base of the cochlea following an increase in the SPL of the stimulating tone. Evidence for such peak shifts has been found in the responses of auditory nerve fibers, cochlear microphonics, and the responses of outer hair cells and(More)