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The Drosophila adipose tissue, or fat body, and the bodywall muscle are two major tissues derived from the mesoderm. Although much is known about the lineage of muscle cells, little is known about the development of the fat body. Using known genes and an enhancer trap (29D), we have begun to trace the lineage of the cells comprising the fat body. The genes(More)
Aspergillus sydowii MG49 produces a 30-kDa exosplitting xylobiohydrolase during growth on xylan. A specific chemical modification and substrate protection analysis of purified xylanase provided evidence that tryptophan and carboxy and amino groups are present at the catalytic site of this enzyme. Thermal inactivation of the xylanase occurs because of(More)
To identify genes important in fat-cell metabolism and development, we have screened Drosophila stocks carrying an engineered transposable element that can reveal the presence of nearby enhancer elements. We have identified those "enhancer-trap lines" that contain transposable P elements integrated near fat-cell specific enhancer elements. We anticipate(More)
The unique catalytic characteristics of adenosine kinase (Adk) and its stage-specific differential activity pattern have made this enzyme a prospective target for chemotherapeutic manipulation in the purine-auxotrophic parasitic protozoan Leishmania donovani. However, nothing is known about the structure of the parasite Adk. We report here the cloning of(More)
Leishmania donovani, like all other kinetoplastida, is a purine auxotroph. Comparative studies of adenosine transport in L. donovani amastigotes and promastigotes revealed that, unlike the promastigote stage, the amastigote possesses two distinct adenosine transporters (T(1) and T(2)) both with high affinities (K(m), 1.14+/-0.05 and 2. 09+/-0.13 microM,(More)
Selective targeting of cancer cells employing multiple combinations as co-drug holds promise for new generation therapeutics. Betulinic acid (BA), a plant secondary metabolite kills cancer cells and Dichloroacetate (DCA) is capable of reversing the Warburg phenotype by inhibiting pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDK). Here, we report synthesis,(More)
The presence of arginine at the active site of Leishmania donovani adenosine kinase was studied by chemical modification, followed by the characterization of the modified enzyme. The arginine-specific reagents phenylglyoxal (PGO), butane-2,3-dione and cyclohexane-1,2-dione all irreversibly inactivated the enzyme. In contrast, adenosine kinase from hamster(More)
A model protein, ribonuclease A (bovine pancreas), was examined for its ability to coordinate Ni2+ and promote selective oxidation. In the presence of a peracid such as monopersulfate, HSO5-, nickel induced the monomeric RNase A to form dimers, trimers, tetramers, and higher oligomers without producing fragmentation of the polypeptide backbone. Co2+ and to(More)
Heating of Aspergillus beta-xylosidase at 85 degrees C +/- 1 degree C and pH 5.5-6.0 (optimum for activity), causes irreversible, covalent thermoinactivation of the enzyme, involving oxidation of the thiol groups that are required for catalysis. Exogenous addition of cysteine, DTT, GSH and mercaptoethanol stabilizes the enzyme by extending its half-life. A(More)
Solid tumors characteristically reflect a metabolic switching from glucose oxidation to glycolysis that plays a fundamental role in angiogenesis and metastasis to facilitate aggressive tumor outcomes. Hyperpolarized mitochondrial membrane potential is a manifestation of malignant cells that compromise the intrinsic pathways of apoptosis and confer a(More)