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The mechanisms responsible for peripheral CD8 T cell tolerance to foreign Ags remain poorly understood. In this study we have characterized the state of CD8 T cell tolerance induced in F5 TCR transgenic mice by multiple peptide injections in vivo. The tolerant state of CD8 T cells is characterized by impaired proliferative responses, increased sensitivity(More)
The injection of DBA/2 parental lymphocytes into adult, immunologically intact (C57BL/6 x DBA/2) F1 hybrid mice results in a chronic graft-vs-host reaction (GVHR) characterized by a deficiency in CD4+ T cell functions and a B cell activation leading to autoantibody production. The discovery that distinct subpopulations of Th cells may regulate the effector(More)
Exogenous glucocorticoid hormones are widely used as therapeutical agents, whereas endogenous glucocorticoids may act as physiological immunosuppressants involved in the control of immune and inflammatory responses. The optimal activation of T lymphocytes requires two distinct signals: the major histocompatibility complex-restricted presentation of the(More)
Congenital unilateral deafness is a rare disorder. The prevalence rates are unknown. The prevalence of children with severe to profound hearing losses that are congenital (or acquired before the development of speech and language) is 0.5 to 3 per 1,000 live births. Evidently, congenital unilateral deafness must have a lower prevalence. The purpose of this(More)
We investigated the in vivo effects of cyclosporin A (CsA) on the production of interleukin (IL) 10, a cytokine with major immunosuppressive properties. To elicit IL-10 production in vivo, BALB/c mice were injected either with the anti-mouse CD3 145-2C11 monoclonal antibody (mAb) (25 micrograms) or with bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (20 micrograms). A(More)
Injection of adult mice with high doses of monomeric human gamma globulins (dHGG) has been previously shown to produce a state of peripheral tolerance in both B and T cells. To gain insight into the mechanism of induction and maintenance of adult tolerance in this model, we have analyzed the pattern of lymphokines produced by control and tolerant animals in(More)
The main function of dendritic cells (DC) is to induce the differentiation of naive T lymphocytes into helper cells producing a large array of lymphokines, including interleukin (IL)-2; interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), IL-4, IL-5 and IL-10. The potent immunostimulatory properties of DC develop during a process of maturation that occurs spontaneously in vitro.(More)
Antibodies to the T cell receptor (TcR)-associated CD3 molecules represent potent immunosuppressive agents in vivo in both human and animals models, in spite of their well-characterized mitogenic properties. We demonstrate in this report that antibodies to the B7.2 molecule inhibit IL-2 production in vivo caused by anti-CD3 administration, suggesting that(More)
It has previously been reported that T lymphocytes can be targeted by using bispecific antibodies consisting of anti-target antibody and anti-CD3. In the present study, a bispecific mAb was developed by somatic hybridization of mouse hybridomas, one producing a mAb against the Id determinant of the mouse B cell lymphoma 38C13 and the other a mAb against a(More)
T cell receptor (TCR)-mediated stimulation of murine T cell hybridomas induces cell activation and lymphokine production. We have observed that following productive activation, T cell hybridomas become refractory to a subsequent stimulation. Hyporesponsiveness is long-lasting but reversible, and is not due to reduced receptor expression. It is noteworthy(More)