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Prostaglandin E2 (dinoprostone) is largely used for labor induction. However, one-third of patients do not respond to treatment. One cause of this poor response may be associated with changes in regulation of prostaglandin E receptors (EP1-4). In this study, we investigated EP mRNA expression in the uterine cervix and lower uterine segment myometrium for(More)
The objective was to evaluate the effect of estradiol benzoate (EB), in association with three progestin protocols, on ovarian follicular regression of suckled beef cows treated at three stages of follicular development (pre-deviation, deviation, or post-deviation). Thirty-six suckled beef cows (60-90 d postpartum, given 125 microg cloprostenol on two(More)
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are involved in paracrine control of follicle development. It was previously demonstrated that FGF10 decreases estradiol (E(2)) secretion in granulosa cell culture and that theca cell FGF10 mRNA expression is decreased in healthy follicles from abattoir ovaries. The main objectives of this study were to evaluate FGF10 and(More)
Follicle development is coordinated by gonadotropins, steroids, and growth factors, which activate multiple signaling pathways. Phosphorylated-MAPK (pMAPK) level was indicated as an early marker of follicle dominance, whereas phosphorylated STAT3 (pSTAT3) was increased in granulosa cells of hypophysectomized rats. We hypothesized that MAPK3/1 and STAT3(More)
BACKGROUND Estradiol (E2) receptors mediate E2 effects on cell proliferation and apoptosis under normal and pathological conditions. However, the mechanisms involved in E2 signaling are not completely understood. The objectives in this study were to evaluate the expression of estrogen receptors (ESRs) during follicular selection in cattle, and the effect of(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins are known to be involved in determining ovulation rate in mammals. The mechanisms through which these proteins determine follicle fate are incompletely understood. In the present study, we used cattle as a model to evaluate the regulation of BMP15 and GDF9 receptors in granulosa cells during dominant follicle (DF) selection.(More)
Angiotensin II (AngII) has a role in ovarian follicle development, ovulation, and oocyte meiotic resumption. The objective of the present study was to characterise the AngII profile and the mRNA encoding RAS proteins in a bovine follicular wave. Cows were ovariectomised when the size between the largest (F1) and the second largest follicle (F2) was not(More)
Subordinate follicles (SFs) of bovine follicular waves undergo atresia due to declining FSH concentrations; however, the signalling mechanisms have not been fully deciphered. We used an FSH-induced co-dominance model to determine the effect of FSH on signalling pathways in granulosa cells of the second-largest follicles (SF in control cows and co-dominant(More)
It is generally understood that angiotensin II (AngII) promotes follicle atresia in rats, although recent data suggested that this may not be true in cattle. In this study, we aimed to determine in vivo whether AngII alters follicle development in cattle, using intrafollicular injection of AngII or antagonist into the growing dominant follicle or the second(More)
INTRODUCTION This study was based on the hypothesis that some components of the angiotensin-(1-7) (Ang-(1-7)) system are differentially expressed during follicular development and can be involved in the follicular health/atresia transition in bovine. MATERIAL AND METHODS The largest (F1) and second largest follicles (F2) were collected from cows before(More)