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Follicular thyroid carcinomas (FTC) arise through oncogenic pathways distinct from those involved in the papillary histotype. Recently, a t(2;3)(q13;p25) rearrangement, which juxtaposes the thyroid transcription factor PAX8 to the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) gamma1, was described in FTCs. In this report, we describe gene expression in(More)
Cancer cells accommodate multiple genetic and epigenetic alterations that initially activate intrinsic (cell-autonomous) and extrinsic (immune-mediated) oncosuppressive mechanisms. Only once these barriers to oncogenesis have been overcome can malignant growth proceed unrestrained. Tetraploidization can contribute to oncogenesis because hyperploid cells are(More)
The dual oxidase (Duox)2 flavoprotein is strongly expressed in the thyroid gland, where it plays a critical role in the synthesis of thyroid hormones by providing thyroperoxidase with H2O2. DUOX2 mRNA was recently detected by RT-PCR and in-situ hybridization experiments in other tissues, such as rat colon and rat and human epithelial cells from the salivary(More)
Activated Ras oncogene induces DNA-damage response by triggering reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and this is critical for oncogene-induced senescence. Until now, little connections between oncogene expression, ROS-generating NADPH oxidases and DNA-damage response have emerged from different studies. Here we report that H-RasV12 positively regulates(More)
Inhibition by mercuric chloride (MC) of the astrocytic uptake of the excitotoxic neurotransmitter L-glutamate (L-GLU) has been postulated to contribute to MC neurotoxicity. In the present study, we analyzed the ability of two sulfhydryl (SH)-protecting agents: a cell membrane non-penetrating compound-reduced glutathione (GSH), and the membrane permeable(More)
Antipeptide antibodies raised against the carboxyl-terminal region of the human sodium/iodide (Na+/I-) symporter (hNIS) were used to investigate by immunohistochemistry the presence and distribution of the hNIS protein in normal thyroid tissues, in some pathological nonneoplastic thyroid tissues, and in different histotypes of thyroid neoplasms. In normal(More)
BACKGROUND A relationship between the increased density of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and decreased survival was recently reported in thyroid cancer patients. Among these tumors, anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is one of the most aggressive solid tumors in humans. TAMs (type M2) have been recognized as promoting tumor growth. The purpose of our(More)
Objective: The expression of two recently identified iodide transporters, namely the sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) and pendrin, the product of the gene responsible for the Pendred syndrome (PDS), was studied in a series of various extra-thyroidal human tissues, and especially in those known to concentrate iodide. Methods: To this end, we used real-time(More)
OBJECTIVE Genetic alterations involving the thyroid transcription factor PAX8 and the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma 1 (PPARgamma1) genes have been described in thyroid neoplasms. We investigated in a series of thyroid samples, including 14 normal, 13 hyperfunctioning tissues, 26 follicular adenomas, 21 follicular and 41 papillary(More)
The large homolog of NADPH oxidase flavoprotein LNOX2, and probably LNOX1, are flavoproteins involved in the thyroid H(2)O(2) generator. Western blot analysis of membrane proteins from normal human thyroid, using antipeptide antibodies, indicated that LNOX1,2 are 164-kDa glycoproteins and that N-glycosylated motifs account for at least 10-20 kDa of their(More)