Monique Saintot

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Genetic polymorphisms of enzymes involved in the metabolism of xenobiotics and estrogens might play a role in breast carcinogenesis related to environmental exposures. In a case-only study on 282 women with breast cancer, we studied the interaction effects (ORi) between smoking habits and the gene polymorphisms of Cytochrome P450 1B1 (Val432Leu CYP1B1),(More)
We studied determinants of plasma beta-carotene in a sample of 98 normal volunteers. Blood samples were collected and 4-day weighed dietary records kept for each season of the year. Information on tobacco use and demographic and socio-economic data was elicited at the first interview. There was a peak of plasma beta-carotene in the fall, whereas the dietary(More)
Background nitrogen dioxide (NO2) pollution levels in Montpellier were measured in the context of an assessment operation carried out by the local monitoring network (AMPADI-LR), using Palmes passive samplers. The equipment was validated by continuous measurement with automatic chemiluminescence analyzers. Measurements from representative background(More)
Major carotenoids in plasma--especially beta-carotene--are affected by oxidative stress (e.g., tobacco smoking). Environmental ozone induced oxidative stress in experimental in vitro and in vivo studies, and it also increased the incidence of lung cancer in mice. We proposed to measure, after controlling for other determinants, the impact of personal ozone(More)
Prostaglandin biosynthesis was studied in the rat uterus during the oestrous cycle. Uterine homogenates were incubated for 20 minutes inthe presence of exogenous substrate (2.10(-5)M). PGF2 alpha and PGE2 were measured by R.I.A.. A sharp peak of PGF2 alpha and a smaller peak of PGE2 were observed at prooestrus, 20 h. Another small PGE2 peak occurred at(More)
Severity of prognosis factors in breast cancer cases was found to be associated with an increase in plasma vitamin E and a decrease in plasma malondialdehyde (peroxidability index). The first aim of this study was to determine whether this association is also present in other cancers. Measurements were taken before therapy on 129 patients with various(More)
A significant change of vitamin E and malondialdehyde plasma concentrations was reported in breast cancer patients. This change was unexpected because vitamin E was higher and malondialdehyde lower in cases than in controls, and the difference was more significant in young rather than older women. The first aim of this study was to determine whether these(More)
The role of plasma oxidant-antioxidant status in survival after breast cancer surgery was investigated in a cohort of patients (n = 363) hospitalized in Southern France between 1989 and 1992. The median follow-up was 8 years after surgery for histologically confirmed breast cancer. Plasma analyses were performed after diagnosis and before surgery and(More)
We conducted a cross-sectional epidemiological study to evaluate personal exposure to nitrogen dioxide and its effect on blood antioxidants. Personal exposure of 107 volunteers was assessed for 14 d with passive monitors. We excluded heavy smokers (> 10 cigarettes/d) from the study. Sociodemographic and environmental data, as well as beta-carotene intake,(More)