Monique L. A. Broekhuizen

  • Citations Per Year
Learn More
 The distribution of the vagal nerve was studied in whole-mount specimens and serial sections of chick embryos after retinoic acid treatment. White Leghorn chick embryos were treated at stage 15 either with 1 µg all-trans retinoic acid (n=11), or with the solvent dimethylsulphoxide (sham-operated embryos, n=8). Eight embryos served as normal controls. At(More)
Stage 34 chicken hearts have shown a spectrum of looping disturbances, changed hemodynamics, and changed growth of both right ventricular myocardium and atrioventricular cushion tissue after retinoic acid treatment. To obtain more information about the onset of the malformations we studied stage 24, the stage between the previously studied stage 34 and the(More)
OBJECTIVE To obtain insight into hemodynamics during abnormal cardiac development, a chick model was developed recently in which a spectrum of conotruncal anomalies, in combination with abnormal semilunar valves and/or pharyngeal arch artery malformations, was induced through extraembryonic venous obstruction (venous clip) at stage 17 (70-h incubation). (More)
ABSTRACT: To obtain insight into the hemodynamics of abnormal cardiac development, a chick embryo model was recently developed in which a spectrum of double outlet right ventricle was induced with all-trans-retinoic acid. In Hamburger and Hamilton (HH) stage 34 white Leghorn chick embryos, we simultaneously measured dorsal aortic flow velocities with a 20(More)
BACKGROUND In a recently developed chick model the teratogen retinoic acid has appeared to induce a spectrum of double outlet right ventricle, which needs further detailed evaluation. It is known that retinoic acid is able to induce cardiac malformations. Although the exact mechanism is not known, an interaction with neural crest cell function is thought to(More)
ABSTRACT: Hemodynamic parameters of the chick embryo from stage 20 (3 d of a 21-d incubation) up to stage 35 (8 d) are described. Normal values of dorsal aortic flow velocity wave forms were measured with a 20-MHz directional-pulsed Doppler velocity meter that was validated to be accurate above 5 mm/s. An analysis of variance was carried out for each of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the acute effect of epinephrine on hemodynamics of noninnervated normal and retinoic-acid-treated embryos. DESIGN Prospective interventional study design. METHODS A total of 190 stage 15 (50-55 h of incubation) chick embryos were randomly treated with 1 microg all-trans retinoic acid and reincubated. At stage 20 (day 3) and stage 24(More)
  • 1