Monique Haynes

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Previous studies from this laboratory have demonstrated that exposure of tissue culture cells to cyclodextrins results in rapid cholesterol depletion. In the present study, we have developed experimental systems for using solutions of cyclodextrins, either 2-hydroxypropyl beta-cyclodextrin or methylated beta-cyclodextrin, complexed with varying amounts of(More)
17beta-Estradiol activates endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), enhancing nitric oxide (NO) release from endothelial cells via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase)/Akt pathway. The upstream regulators of this pathway are unknown. We now demonstrate that 17beta-estradiol rapidly activates eNOS through Src kinase in human endothelial cells. The(More)
Estrogen receptor (ER) alpha variants have been identified in an array of nonendothelial cells. We previously demonstrated that estrogen rapidly induces nitric oxide release via a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt/endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) pathway in EA.hy926 cells (immortalized human endothelial cells), which express a 46-kDa ER. We now(More)
Estrogen induces both rapid and delayed effects on the cardiovascular system. The early effects take place within minutes (e.g., changes in vasomotor tone) and are mediated through rapid intracellular signaling pathways; whereas the delayed effects (e.g., remodeling or lipid alterations) require hours to days to occur and require transcriptional effects(More)
17beta-Estradiol (E(2)) is a rapid activator of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). The product of this activation event, NO, is a fundamental determinant of cardiovascular homeostasis. We previously demonstrated that E(2)-stimulated endothelial NO release can occur without an increase in cytosolic Ca(2+). Here we demonstrate for the first time, to(More)
Free cholesterol is very efficiently removed from cells by 2-hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrins. The efflux of cholesterol occurs from two distinct kinetic pools: the half-times (t(1/2)) for the two pools in CHO-K1 cells are 15 +/- 5 s and 21 +/- 6 min and they represent 25% +/- 5% and 75% +/- 5% of the readily exchangeable cell cholesterol, respectively. In(More)
There is a growing interest in the effects of estrogen on the vascular wall, due to the marked gender difference in the incidence of clinically apparent coronary heart disease, when comparing premenopausal women with age-matched males. Estrogen has numerous effects on vascular endothelial and smooth muscle cells, both of which express estrogen receptors(More)
Esterified cholesterol (EC) and triglyceride (TG) can be stored in cells as cytoplasmic inclusions. The physical state of the EC in these lipid droplets varies from liquid to liquid crystalline, depending on a number of factors, including the amount of TG co-deposited in the inclusion. The lipid in these droplets undergoes turnover via hydrolysis and(More)
Estradiol (E(2)) causes endothelium-dependent vasodilation, mediated, in part, by enhanced nitric oxide (NO) release. We have previously shown that E(2)-induced activation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) reduces its calcium dependence. This pathway of eNOS activation is unique to a limited number of stimuli, including shear stress, the response(More)
The participation of HDL in the reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) from peripheral cells to the liver is critical for the antiatherogenic properties of this lipoprotein. Experimental results showing that efflux of cholesterol from cells growing in culture is mediated by HDL and lipoprotein particles containing apo A-I, in particular, support this(More)