Monique Girard

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Entrepreneurial groups face a twinned challenge: recognizing and implementing new ideas. We argue that entrepreneurship is less about importing ideas than about generating new knowledge by recombining resources. In contrast to the brokerage plus closure perspective, we address the overlapping of cohesive group structures. In analyzing the network processes(More)
Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus) abilities for visual inferential reasoning by exclusion were tested in two experiments. The first replicated the Grey parrot study of Mikolasch, Kotrschal, and Schloegl (2011, African Grey Parrots (Psittacus erithacus) use inference by exclusion to find hidden food. Biology Letters, 7, 875-877), which in turn replicated(More)
The present article proceeds from the observation that the therapeutic relationship is basically unequal. This inequality essentially concerns the respective situation of the patient and his or her doctor vis-à-vis medical knowledge. A strict professionalism guarantees that this inequality remains factual and without essential value. Yet, if both partners(More)
When multiple actors allocate their attention across multiple issues, they create an attention network. We leverage the multiple ties that comprise such an attention network to argue that how competitors interpret a given market situation depends not only on information about that situation but also on the portfolio of other situations to which they pay(More)
In this paper we examine how web-design firms in the new-media industry probe and experiment with possible forms and sources of value that give shape to the new economy. Focusing on the collaborative engineering of cross-disciplinary web-design project teams, we examine how websites emerge as provisional settlements among heterogeneous disciplines as they(More)
This project analyzes the interactions of firms and parties across an entire epoch of economic and political transformation from 1987 to 2006 in a case where market-oriented enterprises and competitive political parties emerged in tandem. Our case involves the simultaneous transformation of political and economic fields, the separation of state from economy(More)
  • M Girard
  • Canadian journal of anaesthesia = Journal…
  • 1992
Residency training must be based on a comprehensive curriculum. Educators use the term behavioural objectives to represent educational objectives stated as behaviours that must be accomplished by the students. Educational objectives represent an important part of the curriculum content. However, curriculum content, as defined in large academic departments,(More)
Computer-mediated communication, specifically facilitated by the Internet, offers new channels for citizens to express their views to elected officials, government agencies, and civic associations. Individuals have embraced email, mailing lists, and web-based forms as a method of registering their opinions, frequently resulting in tens of thousands of(More)