Learn More
The study included 140 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and 280 non-Parkinson age-matched controls to evaluate environmental risk factors associated with PD. The effect of exposure to environmental and dietary factors was determined using conditional logistic regression. This multivariate analysis showed that PD in first-degree relatives and tea(More)
PURPOSE To determine the clinical response rate of the combination of weekly intravenous (IV) gemcitabine with continuous infusion fluorouracil (5-FU) in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Between June 1998 and February 1999, 41 patients with metastatic RCC were enrolled onto this multi-institutional phase II study(More)
Neurocysticercosis is an infection of the nervous system caused by Taenia solium. It is the most important human parasitic neurological disease and a common cause of epilepsy in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, representing enormous costs for anticonvulsants, medical resources and lost production. Neurocysticercosis is a human-to-human infection, acquired(More)
Patients with haematological malignancies requiring an antifungal therapy were randomly assigned to receive amphotericin B diluted in either 5% dextrose or in fat emulsion (Intralipid). Twenty-one patients were included in each group. Mean duration of amphotericin B therapy was 8.4 days in the dextrose group and 12.8 days in the Intralipid group.(More)
Diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) involvement in sleeping sickness is crucial in order to give an appropriate treatment regimen. Neurological symptoms occur late, therefore field diagnosis is based on white blood cell count, total protein concentration and presence of trypanosomes in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). More sensitive and specific parameters(More)
Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) is caused by infestation with a flagellate protozoan, the trypanosome which is inoculated by the bite of the tsetse fly Glossina. The particular ecological conditions of parasites and vectors are such that the disease is only found in the intertropical regions of Africa. Although there are many species of trypanosomes,(More)
The Limousin region had at present one of the largest elderly populations in France and in Europe. To determine the frequency of certain neurological disorders in the elderly, a neuroepidemiological survey was conducted in 1986-1987 on a representative sample of the population in Haute-Vienne (the most population-dense department in the Limousin region).(More)
In 1988-1989, a national survey was conducted in Benin to determine the distribution of HTLV-I infection in a representative sample of adult individuals. This study comprised 2625 healthy subjects recruited in the six provinces of Benin and 1300 blood donors from Cotonou and from the other five provinces. Sera were screened for HTLV-I antibody by both(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder affecting motor neurons. Glutamate, a potent central-nervous-system toxin, has been proposed as one possible factor in this motoneuron disease. Serum from patients with ALS is known to be toxic when added to neurons in culture. We report on the toxicity to rat neurons in culture of(More)
The aims of this study were (a) to compare in the rat isolated perfused lung preparation, the effects of isoprenaline and of three beta3-adrenoceptors agonists, SR 59104A, (N-[(6hydroxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphtalen-(2 R)-2yl)methyl]-(2R)-2-hydroxy-2-(3-chlorophenyl)ethanamine hydrochloride), SR 59119A(More)