Monique David-Dufilho

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The causal relationships between cytosolic free-Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) increases and production of nitric oxide (NO) have been investigated mostly with indirect methods and remain unclear. Here we demonstrate, by direct real-time measurements of [NO] with a porphyrinic microsensor, that Ca2+ entry, but not an increase in [Ca2+]i, is required for(More)
Reduced synthesis of nitric oxide (NO) contributes to the endothelial dysfunction and may be related to limited availability of L-arginine, the common substrate of constitutive nitric-oxide synthase (NOS) and cytosolic arginase I and mitochondrial arginase II. To determine whether arginases modulate the endothelial NO synthesis, we investigated the effects(More)
The effects of the imidazole compound SK&F 96365 on Ca2+ movements and production of nitric oxide (NO) and von Willebrand factor (vWF) have been investigated in human endothelial cells. Changes in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) were measured with Fura-2. Real-time production of NO was monitored with a porphyrinic microsensor and the release of vWF(More)
Sodium pumps of cardiac plasma membranes were studied in young, spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and in their normotensive controls (Wistar-Kyoto; WKY) using the two following methods. The enzymatic activity and its sensitivity to ouabain were measured as the Na+, K+ -dependent ATP hydrolysis, and the number of pumps was estimated by [3H] ouabain(More)
The kinetic properties of the Na+/H+ exchanger in human platelets were investigated by direct measurements of pHi as detected with the fluorescent dye, BCECF. In acid-loaded cells, the antiporter displayed a hyperbolic dependence regarding external Na+ with an apparent Km of 38 +/- 4 mM (pHo 7.2 at 25 degrees C) whereas its pHi-dependent activation between(More)
We report here the use of the fluorescent Ca2+-chelator fura-2 to directly measure free Ca2+ concentration within intact human erythrocytes and the influence of viscosity on the fluorescence of this probe. The bright fluorescence of fura-2 has permitted the use of low concentrations of indicator and cells, thus minimizing the screening effect and the(More)
Release of superoxide anion by cultured vascular cells was investigated with the use of selective microelectrodes. Local concentration of superoxide anion (O2*-) was followed by differential pulse amperometry on a carbon microfiber at 0.1 V/SCE. The oxidation current allows O2*- detection in the 10(-8) M concentration range without interference of the other(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common complication of heart failure. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of a new pure docosahexaenoic acid derivative called F 16915 in experimental models of heart failure-induced atria dysfunction. The atrial dysfunction-induced AF was investigated (1) in a dog model of tachypacing-induced congestive(More)
Active transport of Na+,K+ and Ca2+ was compared in heart plasma membranes from 3-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). ATP-dependent Ca2+ accumulation, which reflects Ca2+, Mg2+-ATPase activity, was higher in SHR than in WKY membranes. At a free calcium concentration of 4 X 10(-7)M, the addition of 2 X(More)
Since Ca2+ ions seem to directly participate in the control of erythrocyte membrane structure and deformability and because cell Ca2+ metabolism has been repeatedly proposed to be modified in hypertension, the intracellular calcium ion concentration ([Ca2+]i) was investigated in red blood cells from hypertensive and normotensive subjects. [Ca2+]i was(More)