Learn More
The metabolism of the antidepressant citalopram (CIT) by monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) was studied in vitro. In incubations with blood of nine healthy volunteers R-(P=0.015) and S-(P=0.0034) CIT propionic acid (CITPROP) production was correlated with the number of platelets. S-CITPROP production was 5.6 times higher than R-CITPROP production and in(More)
On three occasions, unusually high trough plasma concentrations of venlafaxine were measured in a patient phenotyped and genotyped as being an extensive CYP2D6 metabolizer and receiving 450 mg/day of venlafaxine and multiple comedications. Values of 1.54 and of 0.60 mg/l of venlafaxine and O-desmethylvenlafaxine, respectively, were determined in the first(More)
Sixty-nine depressive patients (DSM III criteria: 296.2, 296.3, 296.5, 300.4) were treated with 40 to 60 mg citalopram (CIT) daily for 4 weeks. Among them, 45 responded to treatment (improvement > 50% on the 21-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression [HAM-D]) and continued their treatment for another week before being released from the study. The 24(More)
Pharmacokinetic measurements, neuroendocrine responses, and side effects profiles of intravenous infusions of 20 mg citalopram over 30 minutes during the early afternoon have been studied. Eight healthy male volunteers were enrolled in a placebo- (saline) controlled, single-blind, cross-over protocol. Plasma concentrations of the parent compound showed a(More)
Weakly electric fish can serve as model systems for active sensing because they actively emit electric signals into the environment, which they also perceive with more than 2000 electroreceptor organs (mormyromasts) distributed over almost their entire skin surface. In a process called active electrolocation, animals are able to detect and analyse objects(More)
A gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method is presented which allows the simultaneous determination of the plasma concentrations of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors citalopram, paroxetine, sertraline, and their pharmacologically active N-demethylated metabolites (desmethylcitalopram, didesmethylcitalopram, and desmethylsertraline) after(More)
This study was conducted to identify enzyme systems eventually catalysing a local cerebral metabolism of citalopram, a widely used antidepressant of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor type. The metabolism of citalopram, of its enantiomers and demethylated metabolites was investigated in rat brain microsomes and in rat and human brain mitochondria.(More)
The use of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) in the authors' hospital was studied for various antidepressants (maprotoline, clomipramine, imipramine, desipramine, nortriptyline, amitriptyline) in a two part-study (retrospective and prospective). Criteria for appropriate requests for TDM from the resident psychiatrists and for appropriate interpretation of(More)
  • 1