Monika Warmuth‐Metz

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Chronic alcohol abuse may cause neuropsychological disorders and result in brain atrophy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the metabolic, morphologic, and functional cerebral changes in the early stage of abstinence from chronic alcoholism. METHODS Seventeen alcohol-dependent patients underwent MR imaging and MR(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral angiography is associated with a small but definite risk of neurological complications with an unknown incidence of clinically silent embolism. We assessed the neurological complication rate compared with the frequency of silent embolism after angiography METHODS We used diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before and(More)
Patients with relapsed malignant glioma have a poor prognosis. We developed a strategy of vaccination using autologous mature dendritic cells loaded with autologous tumour homogenate. In total, 12 patients with a median age of 36 years (range: 11-78) were treated. All had relapsing malignant glioma. After surgery, vaccines were given at weeks 1 and 3, and(More)
BACKGROUND Immune-mediated demyelination and axonal damage lead to early functional impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS). Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) is a potent survival factor for neurons and oligodendrocytes and may be relevant in reducing tissue destruction during inflammatory attacks. SUBJECTS AND METHODS We screened 288 unselected patients(More)
We conducted a phase II study to test methotrexate (5 g/m(2)), as a single agent prior to radiochemotherapy for pediatric high-grade glioma and diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma. Thirty patients (19 male, median age 10.8) were enrolled. Tumors were located as follows: cortex 10, pons 7, other 13. Tumor resection was classified as gross total in 6, subtotal(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Most previous MR studies of the dynamics of Chiari I malformation have been confined to sagittal images and operator-dependent measurement points in the midline. To obtain a deeper insight into the pathophysiology of the Chiari I malformation, we performed a prospective study using axial slices at the level of C2 to analyze volumetric(More)
CONTEXT Brain atrophy is an indicator of diffuse brain pathology that appears even in the early stages of multiple sclerosis (MS). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques used in clinical trials suggest a correlation between ventricular enlargement and axonal pathology and clinical disability in MS. OBJECTIVE To evaluate by transcranial sonography(More)
Pediatric high-grade gliomas (HGGs) of the thalamic region account for up to 13% of pediatric HGGs and usually result in only anecdotal long-term survival. Because very little is known about these tumors, we aimed to further characterize them. In our series of 99 pediatric thalamic HGGs, there were no significant differences in survival between patients(More)
Little is known about pediatric spinal cord high grade gliomas (SCHGG) beyond their dismal prognosis. Here, we analyzed the HIT-GBM(®) database for the influence of surgical resection on survival. Between 1991 and 2010 the HIT-GBM group collected data from European children diagnosed with high grade glioma. Patients with the following inclusion criteria(More)
To assess if a specific lesion pattern or changes of the basal limbic system as seen in primary depression and depression associated with neurodegenerative disorders might be identified in depressive multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, we submitted 78 MS patients to a MRI examination consisting of a quantitative measurement of lesions and of hyperintense(More)