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The rapid developments in the eld of DNA computing reeects two substantial questions: 1. Which models for DNA based computation are really universal? 2. Which model fulllls the requirements to a universal lab-practicable programmable DNA computer that is based on one of these models? This paper introduces the functional model DNA-Haskell focussing its(More)
We have implemented a real–time expert system as part of a Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) System for the Public Utilities Board of Singapore controlling its 22 kV distribution network. It works as an operator support tool by diagnosing network disturbances and device malfunctions and presenting a switching sequence which can be executed(More)
The full potential of distributed cyber-physical systems (CPS) can only be leveraged if their functions and services can be flexibly integrated. Challenges like communication quality, interoperability, and amounts of data are massive. The design of such integration platforms therefore requires radically new concepts. This paper shows the industrial view,(More)
The advent of the Internet of Things (IoT) is driving several technological trends. The first trend is an increased level of integration between edge devices and commodity computers. This trend, in conjunction with low power-devices, energy harvesting, and improved battery technology, is enabling the next generation of information technology (IT)(More)
The emerging trends of volatile distributed energy resources and micro-grids are putting pressure on electrical power system infrastructure. This pressure is motivating the integration of digital technology and advanced power-industry practices to improve the management of distributed electricity generation, transmission, and distribution, thereby creating(More)