Monika Streubel

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C(4) photosynthesis depends on the strict compartmentalization of CO(2) assimilatory enzymes. cis-regulatory mechanisms are described that ensure mesophyll-specific expression of the gene encoding the C(4) isoform of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (ppcA1) of the C(4) dicot Flaveria trinervia. To elucidate and understand the anatomy of the C(4) ppcA1(More)
We have investigated the photosystem-II organization in differentiating-bundle-sheath cells of the three malate dehydrogenase (oxaloacetate decarboxylating) (NADP+)-type C4 species maize, Sorghum and Pennisetum. Using a set of nine different antisera raised against individual subunits of photosystem-II, we demonstrate that photosystem-II components(More)
C4 photosynthesis is nature's most efficient answer to the dual activity of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase and the resulting loss of CO(2) by photorespiration. Gly decarboxylase (GDC) is the key component of photorespiratory CO(2) release in plants and is active in all photosynthetic tissues of C(3) plants, but only in the bundle sheath(More)
The mitochondrial Gly decarboxylase complex (GDC) is a key component of the photorespiratory pathway that occurs in all photosynthetically active tissues of C(3) plants but is restricted to bundle sheath cells in C(4) species. GDC is also required for general cellular C(1) metabolism. In the Asteracean C(4) species Flaveria trinervia, a single functional(More)
C(4) photosynthesis presents a sophisticated integration of two complementary cell types, mesophyll and bundle sheath cells. It relies on the differential expression of the genes encoding the component enzymes and transporters of this pathway. The entry enzyme of C(4) photosynthesis, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC), is found exclusively in mesophyll(More)
C4 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylases (PEPCase; EC 4.1.1.3) have evolved from ancestral non-photosynthetic (C3) isoforms during the evolution of angiosperms and thereby gained distinct kinetic and regulatory properties. In order to obtain insight into this evolutionary process we have studied the C3 isoforms, ppcB and ppcC, of the C4 dicot Flaveria trinervia(More)
As a first step in understanding the differential expression of the plastid-encoded photosystem II (PSII) genes in mesophyll and bundle-sheath cells, we have used RNA blotting techniques to investigate the transcript patterns of these genes in three NADP-malic enzymetype C4 species: Zea mays L., Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench and Pennisetum americanum (L.)(More)
C4 photosynthesis depends upon the strict compartmentalization of the CO2-assimilatory enzymes of the C4 and Calvin cycle in two different cell types, mesophyll and bundle-sheath cells. A differential accumulation is also observed for enzymes of other metabolic pathways, and mesophyll and bundle-sheath chloroplasts of NADP-malic enzyme type C4 plants differ(More)
The key enzymes of photosynthetic carbon assimilation in C4 plants have evolved independently several times from C3 isoforms that were present in the C3 ancestral species. The C4 isoform of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC), the primary CO2-fixing enzyme of the C4 cycle, is specifically expressed at high levels in mesophyll cells of the leaves of C4(More)
We have isolated full-size cDNA sequences encoding the photosynthetic isoform of pyruvate orthophosphate dikinase (PPDK) of the C3 plant Flaveria pringlei. The encoded protein shares 96% identical amino acid residues with the C4 isoform of PPDK in the C4 species F. trinervia. The differing amino acid residues are evenly distributed along the polypeptide(More)