Monika Staszków

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HELLP syndrome (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelet count) is a relatively rare complication of pregnancy. It usually develops in the IIId trimester or after delivery. HELLP syndrome is associated with increased maternal (placental abruption, disseminated intravascular coagulation, hepatic hematomas and rupture, and acute kidney injury) and(More)
Diuretics are an important class of medicine used to treat a wide variety of acute and chronic conditions, like: heart failure, hypertension and renal diseases. They act by increasing urinary excretion of water, sodium, and some others electrolytes, at different sites in the nephron. In this paper the mechanisms of action, use, dosing and adverse effects of(More)
Diabetes mellitus is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease in patients beginning renal replacement therapy. The epidemic of type 2 diabetes contributed to a new approach for diabetic kidney disease, one of the most common complications of diabetes type 1 and 2. The current recommendations of the management in diabetic kidney disease developed by an(More)
Systemic scleroderma is a chronic, autoimmune disease of the connective tissue that involves skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscles and joints, as well as the internal organs: kidneys, lungs, heart. Depending on the extent it can occur as limited or diffuse clinical variant. In 60-80 % of patients with diffuse scleroderma, autopsy studies have shown pathologic(More)
Acute kidney injury (AKI) in obstetrics may be caused by the same disorders that are observed in the general population or may be specific for a pregnancy such as: preeclampsia, HELLP syndrome or acute fatty liver of pregnancy. The renal changes may be only temporary, and resolve within a few weeks postpartum, or may become irreversible leading to a(More)
The current recommendations for the diagnostics and therapy in mineral and bone disorders (MBD) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) developed by an international group of experts KDIGO and the Board of the Polish Nephrology Consultant's Working Group are presented in the paper. MBD--begin already in the early stages of CKD, and are an important cause of(More)
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