Monika Schmid

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Neutrophils are the first line of defense at the site of an infection. They encounter and kill microbes intracellularly upon phagocytosis or extracellularly by degranulation of antimicrobial proteins and the release of Neutrophil Extracellular Traps (NETs). NETs were shown to ensnare and kill microbes. However, their complete protein composition and the(More)
Peptide mass fingerprinting by MALDI-MS and sequencing by tandem mass spectrometry have evolved into the major methods for identification of proteins following separation by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, SDS-PAGE or liquid chromatography. One main technological goal of proteome analyses beside high sensitivity and automation was the comprehensive(More)
ESAT-6 (the 6 kDa early secreted antigenic target) protein species in short-term culture filtrate of Mycobacterium tuberculosis were separated in a 4-5 narrow range pI gradient two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE). Eight ESAT-6 protein species were analyzed in detail by peptide mass fingerprinting matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass(More)
The pathogen Vibrio cholerae causes severe diarrheal disease in humans. This environmental inhabitant has two distinct life cycles, in the environment and in the human small intestine, in which it differs in its multiplication behavior and virulence expression. Anaerobiosis, limitation of some nutrient elements, and excess burden from host metabolism(More)
The rapid development in proteomics over the last 10 years has led to a series of new technologies and combinations of them designed to unravel as much as possible of the proteins of an organism or otherwise specified biological material. Despite being a little tricky at certain steps, 2-DE has a very high resolution power with more than 10,000 spots per(More)
The anaerobic Gram-positive bacterium Propionibacterium acnes is a human skin commensal that resides preferentially within sebaceous follicles; however, it also exhibits many traits of an opportunistic pathogen, playing roles in a variety of inflammatory diseases such as acne vulgaris. To date, the underlying disease-causing mechanisms remain ill-defined(More)
Peptide mass fingerprinting (PMF) is a powerful tool for identification of proteins separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE). With the increase in sensitivity of peptide mass determination it becomes obvious that even spots looking well separated on a 2-DE gel may consist of several proteins. As a result the number of mass peaks in PMFs increased(More)
Propionibacteria are part of the human microbiota. Many studies have addressed the predominant colonizer of sebaceous follicles of the skin, Propionibacterium acnes, and investigated its association with the skin disorder acne vulgaris, and lately with prostate cancer. Much less is known about two other propionibacterial species frequently found on human(More)
The binding of certain growth factors and cytokines to components of the extracellular matrix can regulate their local availability and modulate their biological activities. We show that mesenchymal cell-derived keratinocyte growth factor (KGF), a key stimulator of epithelial cell proliferation during wound healing, preferentially binds to collagens I, III,(More)
Bacillus anthracis spores cause natural infections and are used as biological weapons. Inhalation infection with B. anthracis, the etiological agent of anthrax, is almost always lethal, yet cutaneous infections usually remain localized and resolve spontaneously. Neutrophils are typically recruited to cutaneous but seldom to other forms of anthrax(More)