Monika Sakowicz-Burkiewicz

Learn More
Toxoplasma gondii infects astrocytes, neurons and microglia cells in the CNS and, after acute encephalitis, persists within neurons. Robust astrocyte activation is a hallmark of Toxoplasma encephalitis (TE); however, the in vivo function of astrocytes is largely unknown. To study their role in TE we generated C57BL/6 GFAP-Cre gp130(fl/fl) mice (where GFAP(More)
Adenosine plays an important role in physiology of several organs. Its turnover inside and outside of the cell is controlled by several enzymes and transport processes. The action of extracellular adenosine is mediated via at least four receptors named A(1), A(2A), A(2B), and A(3). Recent studies have reported that adenosine is a significant mediator of(More)
Phospholipase C (PLC) and the small G protein RhoA are vital elements for the contraction of vascular smooth muscle cells. The available evidence points to altered PLC-delta1 activity as an element determining enhanced vascular tone in hypertension; however, the factor(s) responsible for increased PLC activity remains unknown. There is the data indicating(More)
BACKGROUND The receptor activator for nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) are the key factors controlling the osteoclast and osteoblast action in the bone. PURPOSE The study objective was to investigate the expression level of RANKL and OPG in cholesteatoma and granulation tissue, and to assess the relationship between their(More)
Adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) and adenosine are the crucial endogenous signaling molecules in immunity and inflammation. In this study we identified the source of extracellular adenosine in human B lymphoblasts, and evaluate the ATP release and metabolism. We observed that the B cells continuously released substantial quantities of ATP (35 pmol/10(6)(More)
The proliferative response of T lymphocytes is a crucial step in cell-mediated immunity. This study was undertaken to investigate the mechanisms leading to the impaired proliferative response of diabetic T lymphocytes. T cells that had been isolated from the spleen of normal rats and cultured in medium containing 20 mm glucose and no insulin displayed the(More)
Listeria monocytogenes may infect the central nervous system and several peripheral organs. To explore the function of IL-1 receptor type 1 (IL-1R1) in cerebral versus systemic listeriosis, IL-1R1(-/-) and wild-type mice were infected either intracerebrally or intraperitoneally with L. monocytogenes. After intracerebral infection with various numbers of(More)
Pyruvate dehydrogenase reaction utilizing glucose-derived pyruvate is an almost exclusive source of acetyl-CoA in different cell mitochondrial compartments of the brain. In neuronal mitochondria, the largest fraction of acetyl-CoA is utilized for energy production and the much smaller one for N-acetyl-L-aspartate (NAA) synthesis. Cholinergic neurons, unlike(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Patients with diabetes are more prone to bacterial infections mostly due to hyperglycemia-induced suppression of immune cells function. B lymphocytes by secreting antibodies inhibit microbial replication, but the impact of high glucose concentration on humoral immune response is not fully resolved. The aim of this work was to investigate the(More)
Reduced proliferation potential is among other T cell functional defects long known feature of diabetes. However, the mechanism responsible for this impairment is still unknown. Our study was undertaken to investigate the effect of changes in glucose and insulin concentrations on adenosine metabolism, transport and receptor-mediated action in rat T(More)