Monika Słomińska-Wojewódzka

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Ricin is a potent plant cytotoxin composed of an A-chain [RTA (ricin A-chain)] connected by a disulfide bond to a cell binding lectin B-chain [RTB (ricin B-chain)]. After endocytic uptake, the toxin is transported retrogradely to the ER (endoplasmic reticulum) from where enzymatically active RTA is translocated to the cytosol. This transport is promoted by(More)
Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are inherited metabolic disorders from the group of lysosomal storage diseases (LSD). They arise from mutations causing dysfunction of one of enzymes involved in degradation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in lysosomes. Impaired degradation of these compounds results in their accumulation in cells and dysfunction of most tissues and(More)
Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are inherited metabolic disorders, caused by mutations leading to dysfunction of one of enzymes involved in degradation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in lysosomes. Due to their impaired degradation, GAGs accumulate in cells of patients, which results in dysfunction of tissues and organs, including the heart, respiratory system,(More)
The SeqA protein of Escherichia coli is not only the main negative regulator of DNA replication initiation but also a specific transcription factor. It binds to hemimethylated GATC sequences and, with somewhat different specificity, to fully methylated GATC regions. Recently, a microarray analysis was reported, in which transcriptomes of wild-type and(More)
Ricin is a type II ribosome inactivating protein (RIP) isolated from castor beans. Its high toxicity classifies it as a possible biological weapon. On the other hand, ricin linked to specific monoclonal antibodies or used in other conjugates has powerful medical applications. Ricin consists of an A-chain (RTA) that damages ribosomes and inhibits protein(More)
EDEM1 [ER (endoplasmic reticulum)-degradation-enhancing α-mannosidase I-like protein 1] and EDEM2 are crucial regulators of ERAD (ER-associated degradation) that extracts non-native glycoproteins from the calnexin chaperone system. Ricin is a potent plant cytotoxin composed of an A-chain (RTA) connected by a disulfide bond to a cell-binding lectin B-chain(More)
EDEM1 and EDEM2 are crucial regulators of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated degradation (ERAD) that extracts misfolded glycoproteins from the calnexin chaperone system. The degradation of ERAD substrates involves mannose trimming of N-linked glycans; however the precise mechanism of substrate recognition and sorting to the ERAD pathway is still(More)
Poly(A) polymerase I (PAP I), encoded by the pcnB gene, is a major enzyme responsible for RNA polyadenylation in Escherichia coli, a process involved in the global control of gene expression in this bacterium through influencing the rate of transcript degradation. Recent studies have suggested a complicated regulation of pcnB expression, including a complex(More)
Proteins entering the secretory pathway are translocated across the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane in an unfolded form. In the ER they are restricted to a quality control system that ensures correct folding or eventual degradation of improperly folded polypeptides. Mannose trimming of N-glycans on newly synthesized proteins plays an important role in(More)
PURPOSE Tamoxifen has been used for the treatment of estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancers and in women who are at an increased risk of breast cancer. Acquired resistance to this drug and its toxicity still pose a clinically significant problem, especially in the prevention setting. Isothiocyanates present in cruciferous plants, such as(More)
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