Monika Ritsch-Marte

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3D amoeboid cell migration is central to many developmental and disease-related processes such as cancer metastasis. Here, we identify a unique prototypic amoeboid cell migration mode in early zebrafish embryos, termed stable-bleb migration. Stable-bleb cells display an invariant polarized balloon-like shape with exceptional migration speed and persistence.(More)
Radical tumor resection is the basis for the prolonged survival of patients suffering from malignant brain tumors such as glioblastoma multiforme. We have carried out a phase-II study involving 22 patients with malignant brain tumors to assess the feasibility and the effectiveness of the combination of intraoperative photodynamic diagnosis and(More)
We demonstrate an optical method for edge contrast enhancement in light microscopy. The method is based on holographic Fourier plane filtering of the microscopic image with a spiral phase element (also called vortex phase or helical phase filter) displayed as an off-axis hologram at a computer controlled high resolution spatial light modulator (SLM) in the(More)
We present a fast and flexible non-interferometric method for the correction of small surface deviations on spatial light modulators, based on the Gerchberg-Saxton algorithm. The surface distortion information is extracted from the shape of a single optical vortex, which is created by the light modulator. The method can be implemented in optical tweezers(More)
We demonstrate the contrast enhancement of images within a ghost-imaging system by use of nonlocal phase filters. We use parametric down-conversion as the two-photon light source and two separated phase modulators, in the signal and idler arms which represent different phase filters and objects, respectively. We obtain edge enhanced images as a direct(More)
A modification of the phase contrast method in microscopy is presented, which reduces inherent artifacts and improves the spatial resolution. In standard Zernike phase contrast microscopy the illumination is achieved through an annular ring aperture, and the phase filtering operation is performed by a corresponding phase ring in the back focal plane of the(More)
We present an approach for point spread function (PSF) engineering that allows one to shape the optical wavefront independently in both polarisation directions, with two adjacent phase masks displayed on a single liquid-crystal spatial light modulator (LC-SLM). The set-up employs a polarising beam splitter and a geometric image rotator to rectify and(More)
BACKGROUND OSAS has been associated with surrogate markers of atherosclerosis and is a known risk factor for stroke. However, there is limited data on the effects of recurring apneas in severe OSAS on cerebral circulation and their consequences on cerebrovascular reactivity and compliance. OBJECTIVE To evaluate cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) changes(More)
Retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells provide crucial functions for the maintenance of the retinal environment. We investigated the phagocytotic mechanisms of RPE cells evaluating the question whether particle uptake underlies a diurnal rhythm. Additionally, a possible connection of volume regulation and the phagocytotic function of RPE cells was studied.(More)
Using a new equibiaxial strain device, we investigated strain-induced Ca2+ signals and their relation to lamellar body (LB) exocytosis in single rat alveolar type II (AT II) cells. The strain device allows observation of single cells while inducing strain to the entire substratum. AT II cells tolerated high strain amplitudes up to 45% increase in cell(More)