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Embryonal stem (ES) cell lines, established in culture from peri-implantation mouse blastocysts, can colonize both the somatic and germ-cell lineages of chimaeric mice following injection into host blastocysts. Recently, ES cells with multiple integrations of retroviral sequences have been used to introduce these sequences into the germ-line of chimaeric(More)
Adult intestinal epithelium consists of a sheet of single-cell thickness which is morphologically highly organized into tubular invaginations (crypts) and finger-like projections (villi). Proliferation of the cells is confined to the base of the crypts, from which cells migrate to the villi, where they are shed. The villi are formed during embryogenesis(More)
BACKGROUND The zona pellucida (ZP) is an extracellular glycoprotein matrix which surrounds all mammalian oocytes. Recent data have shown the presence of four human zona genes (ZP1, ZP2, ZP3 and ZPB). The aim of the study was to determine if all four ZP proteins are expressed and present in the human. METHODS cDNA derived from human oocytes were used to(More)
This paper describes an effort to address life-threatening diseases and health conditions through engaging use of mobile devices. The design targeted children ages 7-11, with a goal of becoming aware of the nutritional value of foods that they eat on a regular basis. The implementation efforts resulted in Health Attack, a matching and memory game that seeks(More)
Imprinted gene expression in preimplantation development has been extensively studied in the mouse. Different imprinted genes vary in their time of onset of expression and also in the timing and tissue-specificity of mono-allelic expression. We have surveyed a range of imprinted genes for expression, and mono-allelic expression, in human development. Due to(More)
Mouse preimplantation embryos were accurately diagnosed as normal or mutant at the beta-major haemoglobin locus by amplification of specific DNA sequences in a single cell. A DNA sequence containing the whole of exon 3 and some 3' untranslated sequences within the beta-major haemoglobin gene was amplified in single blastomeres by means of the polymerase(More)