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The present study investigated local differences of sympathetic activation and sympathetic neuroeffector defects in nonhypertrophied right and hypertrophied left ventricles in a rat model with renin-induced pressure overload [TG(mREN2)27]. As judged from the depletion of myocardial norepinephrine stores, sympathetic activation was more pronounced in the(More)
Two extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants developed characteristic signs of kernicterus at 4 and 8 months corrected age despite only moderate neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (peak serum bilirubin <10 g/dl) and phototherapy being applied according to current guidelines. Both girls were from twin pregnancies and had fetal complications (donor in a twin-twin(More)
Autoinflammatory disorders are characterized by usually unprovoked recurrent episodes of features of inflammation caused by activation of the innate immune system. Many autoinflammatory disorders - the monogenetic defects in particular - are associated with alterations of inflammasomes. Inflammasomes are complex multimolecular structures, which respond to(More)
Cytokine immunotherapy is being evaluated as adjunct treatment in infectious diseases. The effects on innate and adaptive immunity in vivo are insufficiently known. Here, we investigate whether combination treatment with antiretroviral therapy (ART) and Interleukin-2 (IL-2) of patients with primary HIV-1 infection induces sustained increases in circulating(More)
We studied neuroeffector defects in hypertrophied myocardium of hypertensive transgenic rats harboring the mouse Ren-2d gene. In transgenic rats, epinephrine and neuropeptide Y concentrations were reduced. A heterologous desensitization of adenylyl cyclase was observed, which was accompanied by a downregulation of beta 1-adrenergic receptors, an increase of(More)
In the present study, we investigated the alpha- and beta-adrenoceptor-mediated effects on myocardial force of contraction (using phenylephrine in the presence of propranolol and isoprenaline) and receptor densities (binding studies using [3H]-prazosin and [125I]-iodocyanopindolol) in hypertensive transgenic rats (TGR(mREN2)27) and age-matched(More)
To determine the effect of systemic thrombolysis with low-dose recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) and the body-weight adjusted platelet GPIIb/IIIa receptor antagonist tirofiban, the authors performed lesion volumetry on magnetic resonance perfusion and diffusion images recorded before thrombolysis and on T2-weighted magnetic resonance images on(More)
BACKGROUND Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and focal intestinal perforation (FIP) are major causes of morbidity in infants with extremely low birth weight (ELBW). OBJECTIVE To evaluate the surgical procedures applied, and the survival and long-term outcome of ELBW infants with NEC and FIP in a single-center study. METHODS Inborn and outborn ELBW infants(More)