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Glomerular podocytes are major determinants of filtration permselectivity in the glomerulus. Although the molecular mechanisms determining the characteristics of the glomerular filtration unit are incompletely understood, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been implicated. To analyze this process in situ, we established a method that allows(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is frequently complicated by glomerulonephritis with immune complexes containing viral RNA. We examined the potential influence of Toll-like receptors (TLRs), specifically TLR3 recognition of viral dsRNA exemplified by polyriboinosinic:polyribocytidylic acid [poly(I:C) RNA]. Normal human kidney stained positive for TLR3 on(More)
Pancreatic amyloid is found in more than 95 % of type II diabetes patients. Pancreatic amyloid is formed by the aggregation of islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP or amylin), which is a 37-residue peptide. Because pancreatic amyloid is cytotoxic, it is believed that its formation is directly associated with the development of the disease. We recently showed(More)
Shared transcription factor binding sites that are conserved in distance and orientation help control the expression of gene products that act together in the same biological context. New bioinformatics approaches allow the rapid characterization of shared promoter structures and can be used to find novel interacting molecules. Here, these principles are(More)
In viral infections, disease manifestations and tissue damage often result primarily from immune cells infiltrating target organs on the basis of an ineffectual viral clearance with persistent antigenemia or an inappropriate immune response. Cell types and mediators defining these inflammatory processes are still inadequately understood. In hepatitis C(More)
PURPOSE. To elucidate the role of Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) in the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and to investigate the effect of alkylphosphocholines (APCs) on the TLR3-mediated expression of cytokines and growth factors in human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. METHODS. Confluent cultures of human RPE cells (ARPE-19) were(More)
BACKGROUND The delicate foot process architecture of glomerular podocytes critically depends on integrin mediated cell-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) interaction. Integrin signaling via the integrin-linked kinase (ILK) is activated in podocyte damage and associated with considerable podocyte phenotype alterations. ILK has been shown to regulate cell(More)
BACKGROUND Extracellular matrix (ECM) not only provides molecular and spatial information that influence cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis but also has the potential to bind and present or release cytokines and cytotactic factors. Synthesis and degradation of extracellular matrix components are balanced by matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and(More)
BACKGROUND Adherence of human mesangial cells to the surrounding matrix contributes to glomerular homeostasis and is important for the maintenance of glomerular architecture and function in normal adult human kidney. The expression of chemokines and corresponding chemokine receptors on adjacent intrinsic renal cells indicates a novel chemokine/chemokine(More)
BACKGROUND Proliferation and apoptosis of mesangial cells (MC) are important mechanisms during nephrogenesis, for the maintenance of glomerular homeostasis as well as in renal disease and glomerular regeneration. Expression of chemokines and chemokine receptors by intrinsic renal cells, e.g. SLC/CCL21 on podocytes and CCR7 on MC is suggested to play a(More)