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Prostanoids have been implicated in the regulation of lung vascular tone both under physiological and inflammatory conditions. The conversion of arachidonic acid (AA) to prostaglandin H2 is catalyzed at least by two isoforms of cyclooxygenase, named Cox-1 and Cox-2. Cox-1 is thought to be ubiquitously expressed, enrolled in physiological processes, whereas(More)
PURPOSE. To elucidate the role of Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) in the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and to investigate the effect of alkylphosphocholines (APCs) on the TLR3-mediated expression of cytokines and growth factors in human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. METHODS. Confluent cultures of human RPE cells (ARPE-19) were(More)
Podocytes, the glomerular epithelial cells of the kidney, share important features with neuronal cells. In addition to phenotypical and functional similarities, a number of gene products have been found to be expressed exclusively or predominantly by both cell types. With the hypothesis of a common transcriptome shared by podocytes and neurons, digital(More)
BACKGROUND Proliferation and apoptosis of mesangial cells (MC) are important mechanisms during nephrogenesis, for the maintenance of glomerular homeostasis as well as in renal disease and glomerular regeneration. Expression of chemokines and chemokine receptors by intrinsic renal cells, e.g. SLC/CCL21 on podocytes and CCR7 on MC is suggested to play a(More)
INTRODUCTION Elevated serum levels of the proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) correlate with an increased risk for atherothrombotic events and TNFα is known to induce prothrombotic molecules in endothelial cells. Based on the preexisting evidence for the impact of TNFα in the pathogenesis of autoimmune disorders and their known(More)
Sclerosing peritonitis is a rare form of peritoneal inflammation with an often fatal outcome. The major risk factor of sclerosing peritonitis is peritoneal dialysis treatment but it can also occur following renal or liver transplantation or be associated with certain drug treatment. This article gives an overview of reasons and treatment options for(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Viral infections are a major problem worldwide and many of them are complicated by virally induced glomerulonephritides. Progression of kidney disease to renal failure is mainly attributed to the development of renal fibrosis characterized by the accumulation of extracellular matrix components in the mesangial cell compartment and the(More)
Polyomavirus-associated nephropathy due to BK virus infection (BKVAN) is recognized as an important cause of significant kidney transplant dysfunction often leading to renal graft loss. The activation of innate immune defense mechanisms during BKVAN is still poorly understood and an altered regulation of inflammatory mediators by resident kidney cells upon(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays an important role in glomerular homeostasis as well as in the pathogenesis of kidney diseases as glomerulonephritis (GN) and diabetic nephropathy. Mesangial cells (MC), which are an integral part of the functional glomerular filtration barrier in that providing structural support, can behave like inflammatory(More)
In hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, morbidity and mortality often result from extrahepatic disease manifestations. We provide evidence for a role of receptors of the innate immune system in virally induced inflammation of the endothelium in vitro and in vivo. Corresponding to the in vitro finding of an HCV-dependent induction of proinflammatory mediators(More)
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