Learn More
We developed a method, named GraFix, that considerably improves sample quality for structure determination by single-particle electron cryomicroscopy (cryo-EM). GraFix uses a glycerol gradient centrifugation step in which the complexes are centrifuged into an increasing concentration of a chemical fixation reagent to prevent aggregation and to stabilize(More)
Spliceosomal small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs) are essential components of the nuclear pre-mRNA processing machinery. A hallmark of these particles is a ring-shaped core domain generated by the binding of Sm proteins onto snRNA. PRMT5 and SMN complexes mediate the formation of the core domain in vivo. Here, we have elucidated the mechanism of this(More)
The unique structural motifs and self-recognition properties of DNA can be exploited to generate self-assembling DNA nanostructures of specific shapes using a 'bottom-up' approach. Several assembly strategies have been developed for building complex three-dimensional (3D) DNA nanostructures. Recently, the DNA 'origami' method was used to build(More)
The splicing factor SF3b is a multiprotein complex essential for the accurate excision of introns from pre-messenger RNA. As an integral component of the U2 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) and the U11/U12 di-snRNP, SF3b is involved in the recognition of the pre-messenger RNA's branch site within the major and minor spliceosomes. We have determined(More)
In some eukaryotes, a minor class of introns is removed by the U12-dependent spliceosome, which contains the small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) heterodimer U11/U12. The U11/U12 di-snRNP forms a molecular bridge that functionally pairs the intron ends of the pre-mRNA. We have determined the three-dimensional (3D) structure of the human U11/U12 di-snRNP(More)
Mitochondrial pre-messenger RNAs in kinetoplastid protozoa are substrates of uridylate-specific RNA editing. RNA editing converts non-functional pre-mRNAs into translatable molecules and can generate protein diversity by alternative editing. Although several editing complexes have been described, their structure and relationship is unknown. Here, we report(More)
Huntington disease (HD) is a devastating neurological disorder caused by an extended CAG repeat in exon 1 of the gene that encodes the huntingtin (HTT) protein. HD pathology involves a loss of striatal medium spiny neurons (MSNs) and progressive neurodegeneration affects the striatum and other brain regions. Because HTT is involved in multiple cellular(More)
UNLABELLED : Huntington's disease (HD) results from a CAG repeat expansion in the gene encoding the huntingtin protein. This inherited disorder is characterized by progressive neurodegeneration. In particular, HD progression involves the loss of striatal projection neurons. The limited availability of reliable sources of human striatal projection neurons(More)
The spliceosome excises introns from pre-mRNA in a two-step splicing reaction. So far, the three-dimensional (3D) structure of a spliceosome with preserved catalytic activity has remained elusive. Here, we determined the 3D structure of the human, catalytically active step I spliceosome (C complex) by cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) in vitrified ice. Via(More)
Medulloblastomas are aggressive brain malignancies. While considerable progress has been made in the treatment of medulloblastoma patients with respect to overall survival, these patients are still at risk of developing neurologic and cognitive deficits as a result of anti-cancer therapies. It is hypothesized that targeted molecular therapies represent a(More)