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In vitro flowering protocols were developed for a limited number of early flowering pea (Pisum sativum L.) cultivars. This work was undertaken to understand the mechanisms regulating in vitro flowering and seed-set across a range of pea genotypes. Its final goal is to accelerate the generation cycle for faster breeding novel genotypes. We studied the(More)
To induce androgenesis in field pea, grass pea and the model legume species Medicago truncatula, isolated microspores of various genotypes of these three species were submitted to a range of abiotic stresses prior to and during their initial culture, in order to stimulate them to divide and form embryos. Some stress agents had a positive effect on(More)
This is the first report on the production of double-haploid chickpea embryos and regenerated plants through anther culture using Canadian cultivar CDC Xena (kabuli) and Australian cultivar Sonali (desi). Maximum anther induction rates were 69% for Sonali and 63% for CDC Xena. Under optimal conditions, embryo formation occurred within 15-20 days of culture(More)
Rapid generation technology (RGT) involves applying plant growth regulators to accelerate in vitro flowering and the use of immature seed to shorten the time required to produce the next generation of plants. The effect of different concentrations of flurprimidol and combinations of one cytokinin and two auxins on in vitro flowering was evaluated using two(More)
Widening the genetic base of minor grain legume crops such as lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) is important for achieving future gains in productivity. In order to access genes from wild lentil species embryo rescue techniques are required to overcome reproductive barriers. Removing the seed coat from developing 14-day old immature hybrid seeds and culturing(More)
Cicer anatolicum, a perennial species, has ascochyta blight resistance superior to that found in the cultivated chickpea. However, hybridization barriers during early stages of embryo development curtail access to this trait. Since hormones play an essential role in early embryo development, we have determined the hormone profiles of 4-, 8-, and 12-day old(More)
Legumes are recalcitrant to androgenesis and induction protocols were only recently developed for pea (Pisum sativum L.) and chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), albeit with low regeneration frequencies. Androgenesis is thought to be mediated through abscisic acid (ABA) but other phytohormones, such as auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins, have also been(More)
Developmental context and species-specific hormone requirements are of key importance in the advancement of in vitro protocols and manipulation of seed development. Improvement of in vitro tissue and cell culture protocols in grain legumes such as embryo rescue, interspecific hybridization, and androgenesis requires an understanding of the types, activity,(More)
Interior spruce (Picea glauca engelmannii complex) and black spruce (Picea mariana Mill.) cotyledonary somatic embryos were encapsulated in sodium alginate. Somatic embryo viability was retained, but germination occurred at a reduced frequency compared with the equivalent zygotic embryos. The addition of 0.5% (w/v) activated charcoal to the alginate capsule(More)
For optimization of the transformation procedure with Pisum sativum L. stern explant callus was used to test the effect of disarmed Agrobacterium tumefaciens strains, cocultivation procedures (preconditioning of explants; use of Nicotiana tabacum L. nurse cultures), duration of cocultivation (2, 3 or 4 days), and agents for selection (kanamycin or(More)
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