Monika M Hofstetter

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We have used six independent polymerase chain reactions (A1-A3 and B1-B3) for amplification of the entire sequence of the two toxin genes tcdA and tcdB of several Clostridium difficile strains. With this approach we have detected (1) restriction site polymorphisms which are distributed all over the genes, and (2) deletions that could be found only in tcdA.(More)
Resistance to apoptosis is a prominent feature of malignant melanoma. Hyperthermic therapy can be an effective adjuvant treatment for some tumors including melanoma. We developed a fusion protein based on the tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1 linked to a glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor (TIMP-1-GPI). The TIMP-1-GPI-fusion protein shows(More)
Phosphatidate phosphohydrolase (PAP; EC 3.1.3.4) insensitive to N-ethylmaleimide was partially purified from rat liver membranes by a combination of chromatographic methods, immunoabsorption and glycerol gradient centrifugation. The specific activity was increased more than 600-fold over that of the membrane extract. Enzyme antibodies precipitating more(More)
Exogenous application of recombinant TIMP-1 protein modified by addition of a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor allows efficient insertion of the fusion protein into cell membranes. This 'cell surface engineering' leads to changes in the proteolytic environment. TIMP-1-GPI shows enhanced as well as novel in vitro biological activities including(More)
Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) controls matrix metalloproteinase activity through 1:1stoichiometric binding. Human TIMP-1 fused to a glycosylphosphatidylinositol(GPI) anchor (TIMP-1 - GPI) shifts the activity of TIMP-1 from the extracellular matrix to the cell surface. TIMP-1 - GPI treated renal cell carcinoma cells show increased(More)
Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases exhibit diverse physiological/biological functions including moderation of the proteolytic processing of growth factors and turnover of extracellular matrix. These various biological activities are linked in part to the stoichiometry of tissue inhibitor of metalloprotein/matrix metalloprotein (TIMP/MMP)/surface(More)
A new procedure for the partial purification of Mg2+-dependent, N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive phosphatidate phosphohydrolase (Mg2+-PAP; EC 3.1.3.4) from rat liver cytosol is described, using protein precipitation with MgCl2, gel filtration on Sephacryl S-400, chromatography on DEAE-cellulose and affinity chromatography on calmodulin-agarose. From the parallel(More)
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