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Apart from the essential role of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in calcium and phosphorus metabolism, this compound and its analogs are involved in regulating the functions of the central nervous and immune systems. Active forms of vitamin D3 have been reported to stimulate neurotrophin gene expression and to prevent neuronal damage against a variety of(More)
Effects of some neurosteroids on the binding of [3H]-glutamate, [3H]-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) and [3H]-MK-801, as well as on the [3H]-glutamate uptake were examined in rat hippocampus. The following compounds were evaluated: (a) positive modulators of the GABA(A) receptor: 5alpha-pregnan-3alpha-ol-20-one(More)
Pathological immunoactivation is thought to play an important role in the etiology of depression; however, the effect of novel antidepressant drugs on immunity has been poorly recognized. Mirtazapine, an antidepressant drug, enhances noradrenergic and serotonergic neurotransmissions, which are crucially involved in the regulation of immune system activity.(More)
Topiramate, a new anticonvulsant, has been reported to possess neuroprotective effects in both in vivo and in vitro experiments. In the present study, the effect of topiramate (40 and 80 mg/kg ip) on the fully developed kainate-induced status epilepticus was evaluated in the rat. Injection of kainate (15 mg/kg ip) evoked recurrent limbic seizures which(More)
Dysregulation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity is thought to be an important factor in pathogenesis of depression. In animals, stress or glucocorticoids given in prenatal period lead to long-lasting behavioral and neuroendocrine changes similar to those observed in depressed patients. However, molecular basis for HPA disturbances in(More)
Antipsychotic drugs can regulate transcription of some genes, including those involved in regulation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, whose activity is frequently disturbed in schizophrenic patients. However, molecular mechanism of antipsychotic drug action on the corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) gene activity has not been investigated so(More)
Effects of i.p. administration of the neurosteroids, allopregnanolone and pregnenolone sulfate, were studied in WAG/Rij rats, a genetic model for generalized absence epilepsy. EEG recordings showed that allopregnanolone, a positive modulator of the GABA(A) receptor, in doses ranging from 5 to 20 mg/kg, increased dose-dependently the number- and total(More)
The expression of mRNA coding for prepro-thyrotropin releasing hormone (preproTRH) was estimated in the rat brain in two animal models of limbic seizures, evoked by systemic administration of pilocarpine (400 mg/kg ip) or kainate (12 mg/kg ip). As shown by an in situ hybridization study, after 24h both pilocarpine- and kainate-induced seizures profoundly(More)
It has been postulated that hyperactive glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) is an important factor in the pathogenesis of depression, and that this enzyme also contributes to the mechanism of antidepressant drug action. In the present study, we investigated the effect of prenatal stress (an animal model of depression) and long-term treatment with(More)
Recent data indicate that a significant number of schizophrenic patients are hypercortisolemic and that glucocorticoids are involved in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether behavioural schizophrenia-like changes in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced neurodevelopmental model of this brain disorder are(More)