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Chronic activation of immune-inflammatory and oxidative and nitrosative stress (O&NS) pathways plays an important role in the pathophysiology of clinical depression. Increased IgA responses directed against LPS of gram-negative bacteria, indicating increased bacterial translocation, may be one of the drivers underpinning these pathways. There is a strong(More)
Memantine, a clinically used N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-receptor antagonist, has been shown to prevent apoptotic neuronal damage connected with the over-activity of NMDA receptors. In the present study, we examined the effect of memantine on staurosporine-, salsolinol- and doxorubicin-induced apoptosis in the SH-SY5Y cell line which does not possess(More)
Our previous study suggests that in prenatal stress model of depression glucocorticoid receptor (GR) function in adult rats is enhanced. However, the long-term consequences of stress, a causal factor in depression, on intracellular elements involved into the regulation of GR function is poorly examined. Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), activity of(More)
Apart from the essential role of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in calcium and phosphorus metabolism, this compound and its analogs are involved in regulating the functions of the central nervous and immune systems. Active forms of vitamin D3 have been reported to stimulate neurotrophin gene expression and to prevent neuronal damage against a variety of(More)
Dysregulation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity is thought to be an important factor in pathogenesis of depression. In animals, stress or glucocorticoids given in prenatal period lead to long-lasting behavioral and neuroendocrine changes similar to those observed in depressed patients. However, molecular basis for HPA disturbances in(More)
It has been postulated that hyperactive glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) is an important factor in the pathogenesis of depression, and that this enzyme also contributes to the mechanism of antidepressant drug action. In the present study, we investigated the effect of prenatal stress (an animal model of depression) and long-term treatment with(More)
Excessive glucocorticoid levels in depressed patients have been associated with atrophic changes in some brain regions, but only few studies suggest that some antidepressants can interfere with deleterious effect of glucocorticoids on neuronal cells. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of dexamethasone (DEX), a synthetic glucocorticoid(More)
Previously, we found that neurosteroids inhibited hydrogen peroxide- and staurosporine-induced damage of undifferentiated human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. However, differentiated neuroblastoma cells morphologically and functionally resemble neuronal cells, and are thus considered to be a model system for studying neuronal apoptotic processes. In the(More)
BACKGROUND Prenatal immune system disturbances have been postulated to play an important role in pathogenesis of schizophrenia and related disorders. In the present study, we sought to answer the question whether behavioral changes in the neurodevelopmental model of schizophrenia in rats are accompanied by alterations in proliferative activity of(More)
Effects of some neurosteroids on the binding of [3H]-glutamate, [3H]-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) and [3H]-MK-801, as well as on the [3H]-glutamate uptake were examined in rat hippocampus. The following compounds were evaluated: (a) positive modulators of the GABA(A) receptor: 5alpha-pregnan-3alpha-ol-20-one(More)