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Hemodynamic forces regulate embryonic organ development, hematopoiesis, vascular remodeling, and atherogenesis. The mechanosensory stimulus of blood flow initiates a complex network of intracellular pathways, including activation of Rac1 GTPase, establishment of endothelial cell (EC) polarity, and redox signaling. The activity of the nicotinamide adenine(More)
The mitotic kinesin motor protein KIF14 is essential for cytokinesis during cell division and has been implicated in cerebral development and a variety of human cancers. Here we show that the mouse KIF14 motor domain binds tightly to microtubules and does not display typical nucleotide-dependent changes in this affinity. It also has robust ATPase activity(More)
V-Raf Murine Sarcoma Viral Oncogene Homolog B (BRAF) mutated lung cancer is relatively aggressive and is resistant to currently available therapies. In a recent phase II study for patients with BRAF-V600E non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), BRAF V600E inhibitor demonstrated evidence of activity, but 30% of this selected group progressed while on treatment,(More)
Targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring sensitizing mutations in the tyrosine kinase (TKI) domain has led to a significant change in the management of this disease. The classic or sensitizing mutations are G719X mutation in exon 18, in-frame deletions or insertion of exon 19, L858R(More)
Corticosteroids have been used in the therapy for castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) for decades, both as monotherapy and in combination with additional agents. In this article the authors report the results of a phase II trial of dexamethasone versus prednisolone as monotherapy for CRPC. The study suggests improved PSA and radiographic response(More)
The project was aimed at development of isotretinoin nail lacquer and assessment of its penetration efficiency across human nail plate. Preliminary studies (hydration enhancement factor and SEM) aided the selection of thioglycolic acid as permeation and eugenol was selected as local anesthetic in the formulation. The nail lacquer was optimized by 3(2)(More)
BACKGROUND Kar3Vik1 is a heterodimeric kinesin with one catalytic subunit (Kar3) and one noncatalytic subunit (Vik1). RESULTS Vik1 experiences conformational changes in regions analogous to the force-producing elements in catalytic kinesins. CONCLUSION A molecular mechanism by which Kar3 could trigger Vik1's release from microtubules was revealed. (More)
Taxanes are novel microtubule-stabilizing agents and have shown efficacy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) since the 1990s. Paclitaxel and docetaxel have been used either as single agents or in combination with a platinum compound. The newer generation albumin-bound taxane, nab-paclitaxel, has also shown similar efficacy in advanced NSCLC, both as a(More)
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths world-wide and small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) accounts for up to 25% of lung cancer deaths. There has been a considerable amount of research in the understanding of the depth of biology of SCLC and utilizing this knowledge to develop targeted approaches. The treatment of SCLC remains a challenge,(More)