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Hydra regenerate throughout their life. We previously described early modulations in cAMP-response element-binding protein (CREB) DNA-binding activity during regeneration. We now show that the Ser-67 residue located in the P-box is a target for post-translational regulation. The antihydra CREB antiserum detected CREB-positive nuclei distributed in endoderm(More)
Signalling through fibroblast growth factors (FGFR) is essential for proper morphogenesis in higher evolved triploblastic organisms. By screening for genes induced during morphogenesis in the diploblastic Hydra, we identified a receptor tyrosine kinase (kringelchen) with high similarity to FGFR tyrosine kinases. The gene is dynamically upregulated during(More)
We have analyzed the evolution of fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) tyrosine kinase genes throughout a wide range of animal phyla. No evidence for an FGFR gene was found in Porifera, but we tentatively identified an FGFR gene in the placozoan Trichoplax adhaerens. The gene encodes a protein with three immunoglobulin-like domains, a single-pass(More)
Molecular data for nephridial development in polychaetes are not available yet. The scope of our work was to establish a reference system for future investigations using two markers for nephridial development: beta-tubulin as marker for cilia and alkaline phosphatase (AP) activity for secretory epithelia. The markers identified, unexpectedly, three(More)
Fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFR) are highly conserved receptor tyrosine kinases, and evolved early in metazoan evolution. In order to investigate their functional conservation, we asked whether the Kringelchen FGFR in the freshwater polyp Hydra vulgaris, is able to functionally replace FGFR in fly embryos. In Drosophila, two endogenous FGFR,(More)
In developing embryos, boundary formation between neighbouring groups of cells is essential to establish compartments which later fulfil specialized functions. The ability to form such boundaries has likely developed early in animal evolution - due to functional requirements imposed by the necessity to separate tissues which protect the animal, take up food(More)
Members of the universal stress protein (USP) family were originally identified in stressed bacteria on the basis of a shared domain, which has since been reported in a phylogenetically diverse range of prokaryotes, fungi, protists, and plants. Although not previously characterized in metazoans, here we report that USP genes are distributed in animal(More)
Pattern control in Hydra has traditionally been assigned to the determining influence of morphogens and neuropeptides. However, at present, arachidonic acid and its derivative 12-S-HETE are the only identified, potential signal molecules known to promote head and bud formation. More potent factors might exist but are not yet identified. Nonetheless, it is(More)
Guidance of cells and tissue sheets is an essential function in developing and differentiating animal tissues. In Hydra, where cells and tissue move dynamically due to constant cell proliferation towards the termini or into lateral, vegetative buds, factors essential for guidance are still unknown. Good candidates to take over this function are fibroblast(More)