Monika Fuhrer

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During periods of immunosuppression, such as postallogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT), patients are at significant risk for severe viral infections. Human adenovirus (HAdV) infection is a serious complication post-SCT, especially in children. Virus-specific T cells are essential for the clearance of HAdV, as antiviral chemotherapy has revealed limited(More)
Clinical observations and experimental evidence link bone marrow failure in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with a T cell-dominated autoimmune process. Immunosuppressive therapy is effective in improving cytopenias in selected patients. Trisomy 8 is a frequent cytogenetic abnormality in bone marrow cells in patients with MDS, and its presence has been(More)
Increased apoptosis of hematopoietic progenitor cells has been implicated in the pathophysiology of cytopenias associated with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs), and inhibition by immunosuppression may account for the success of this treatment in some patients. We examined bone marrow and peripheral blood of 25 patients with chromosomal abnormalities(More)
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (GCSF) administration has been linked to the development of monosomy 7 in severe congenital neutropenia and aplastic anemia. We assessed the effect of pharmacologic doses of GCSF on monosomy 7 cells to determine whether this chromosomal abnormality developed de novo or arose as a result of favored expansion of a(More)
We analyzed the outcome of 692 patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) receiving transplants from HLA-matched siblings. A total of 134 grafts were peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) grafts, and 558 were bone marrow (BM) grafts. Rates of hematopoietic recovery and grades 2 to 4 chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) were similar after PBPC and BM(More)
Two main factors have been implicated in the mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of acquired aplastic anemia: environmental factors and genetic susceptibility. Individuals vary in their ability to metabolize several DNA-damaging agents due to polymorphisms of biotransforming enzymes. Genetically determined differences in the expression of these enzymes(More)
Some patients with paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria (PNH) have bone marrow findings characteristic of myelodysplastic syndrome. We studied nine PNH patients to determine whether these karyotypic abnormalities were more likely to occur in glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored protein (GPI-AP)-negative cells. Abnormal chromosome patterns were evident only(More)
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