Monika Engels

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Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) strains can be differentiated by their DNA and polypeptide patterns, and by antigenic properties as demonstrated by monoclonal antibodies. We classified the BHV-1 strains according to these data as BHV-1.1, BHV-1.2 (a/b) and BHV-1.3 (a/b). BHV-1.1 and BHV-1.2 correspond to the well known 'common' BHV-1 strains, whereas BHV-1.3(More)
Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) specifies and unspliced early 2.6-kb RNA (ER2.6) which is 3' coterminal with exon 2 of the 2.9-kb immediate-early (IE) RNA. The two transcripts have a common open reading frame (676 codons). The predicted protein, designated BHV-1 infected cell protein 0 (BICP0), contains a zinc finger domain with homology to ICP0 of herpes(More)
Northern (RNA) blot analysis was used to determine the spatial and temporal distribution of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) transcripts. Total RNA was isolated from Madin-Darby bovine kidney cells which had been infected with BHV-1.2b strain K22 or BHV-1.1 strain Jura in the presence or absence of metabolic inhibitors. Cloned restriction fragments representing(More)
Ruminants are hosts for members of both Alpha- and Gamma-herpesvirinae. A wide range of disease syndromes is associated with infections by these agents. The associated diseases reflect the biological nature of the causative viruses. Clinically, the symptoms may be mild and localized or include severe generalized disease, leading eventually to death. Much(More)
Bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1) is the causative agent of respiratory and genital tract infections such as infectious rhinotracheitis (IBR), infectious pustular vulvovaginitis (IPV, balanoposthitis (IBP), and abortion. Despite of a pronounced immune response, the virus is never eliminated from an infected host but establishes life-long latency and may be(More)
Eleven European isolates of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1), together with two reference virus strains were compared by restriction endonuclease digestion, by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), and by their reactivity with a panel of monoclonal antibodies (McAb's). Based on the cleavage pattern of viral DNA with the restriction endonuclease(More)
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1 and bovine herpesviruses 1 and 5 (BHV-1 and BHV-5) can use the same cellular receptor for entry, but only HSV is known to cause disease in mice. We hypothesized that components of either the innate or the adaptive immune system, or a combination of both, were responsible for curbing replication of BHVs in mice. Therefore,(More)
Two herpesvirus isolates from goats are known which cause afflictions of the digestive tract in kids and, in some cases, abortion. An antigenic relationship of these goat herpesviruses with infectious bovine rhinotracheitis/infectious pustular vulvo-vaginitis virus (bovid herpesvirus 1, BHV-1) was reported and because of the species-specific pathogenicity,(More)
Caprine herpesvirus 1 (CapHV-1) DNA was examined by electron microscopy, restriction site mapping and homology studies with bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) DNA. Although the restriction site maps differed significantly, we showed that the genome structures of CapHV-1 and BHV-1 were identical and that the DNAs shared a high degree of base sequence homology.
This report presents data showing that several virus isolates recovered in Argentina, mainly from calves with non-purulent meningo-encephalitis, represent a hitherto unrecognized antigenic variant of BHV-1. The following experimental approaches have been adopted to demonstrate both the unique features among and the relatedness with BHV-1 of these isolates:(More)