Monika Dezortova

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PURPOSE Phenylketonuria (PKU) patients were examined by different MR techniques to explain the pathological changes observed in periventricular white brain matter using conventional MR imaging. MATERIAL AND METHODS Fifteen patients with treated classical PKU were examined by 1H spectroscopy, relaxometry and diffusion imaging on a whole-body 1.5-T MR(More)
AIM To assess the functional status and etiology of liver cirrhosis by quantitative (31)P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). METHODS A total of 80 patients with liver cirrhosis of different etiology and functional status described by Child-Pugh score were examined and compared to 11 healthy volunteers. MR examination was performed on a 1.5 T imager(More)
BACKGROUND In vitro labeling of pancreatic islets by iron nanoparticles enables their detection as hypoitnense spots on serial magnetic resonance (MR) images. We report the first results of a pilot trial aiming to test the feasibility and safety of this technique in humans. METHODS Islets were labeled in culture with 5 μL/mL ferucarbotran for 6 to 48 hr(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) enables a noninvasive in vivo quantification of iron in various organs. Several techniques have been developed that detect signal alterations derived mainly from the magnetic properties of ferritin and hemosiderin, the major iron storage compounds. High magnetic susceptibility of ferritin shortens the transversal relaxation(More)
Proton MR spectroscopy was used to observe long-term post-irradiation metabolic changes in epileptogenic tissue and in the contralateral parts of the brain which are not available with conventional imaging methods. We studied these changes in the temporal lobe in six patients, following radiosurgery on the amygdala and hippocampus. 1H MR spectroscopy at 1.5(More)
The influence of iron deposits on T2 values and the content of metabolites in the brain of three patients with DNA proved pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN, formerly Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome) was studied. An eye-of-the-tiger sign, a typical MR finding for PKAN, was observed in two patients with the same mutation. A hypointensive(More)
The study provides a review of the basic examination procedures and results of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) in patients suffering from mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). The source of seizures in MTLE is most often an epileptogenic focus secondary to hippocampal sclerosis.1H MRS currently plays an important role in the non-invasive(More)
The application of texture analysis (TA) in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) requires the availability of texture phantoms for use in the standardization of in vivo measurements. The aims of our study were (a) to develop a new type of phantoms suitable for MRI and TA and test their long-term stability; (b) to optimize the choice of texture parameters(More)
Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) is beneficial in the lateralization of the epileptogenic zone in temporal lobe epilepsy; however, its role in extratemporal and, especially, MRI-negative epilepsy has not been established. This study seeks to verify how 1H MRS could help in localizing the epileptogenic zone in patients with MRI-negative(More)
PURPOSE To examine changes in the brain before liver transplantation caused by the accumulation of paramagnetic ion deposits and to investigate recovery after liver transplantation over a long-term horizon. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifteen patients indicated for liver transplantation, 26 patients up to 2 years after, and 40 patients 8-15 years after liver(More)