Monika Carlberg

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Glucose repression is a global regulatory mechanism in yeast. We have investigated how glucose regulates the GAL genes, which are required for galactose fermentation. We found that the GAL genes are controlled by a transcriptional cascade. Thus, GAL4, which encodes an activator of the GAL genes, is repressed by MIG1, a zinc finger protein that binds to the(More)
We have cloned three genes for protein phosphatases in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Two of the genes, PPH21 and PPH22, encode highly similar proteins that are homologs of the mammalian protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), while the third gene, PPH3, encodes a new PP2A-related protein. Disruptions of either PPH21 or PPH22 had no effects, but spores(More)
Mig1 is a zinc finger protein that mediates glucose repression in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. It is related to the mammalian Krox/Egr, Wilms' tumor, and Sp1 proteins and binds to a GC-rich motif that resembles the GC boxes recognized by these proteins. We have performed deletion mapping in order to identify functional domains in Mig1. We found that(More)
We have cloned a yeast gene, SKO1, which in high copy number suppresses lethal overexpression of cAMP-dependent protein kinase. SKO1 encodes a bZIP protein that binds to the CRE motif, TGACGTCA. We found that SKO1 also binds to a CRE-like site in SUC2, a yeast gene encoding invertase which is under positive control by cAMP. A disruption of the SKO1 gene(More)
In this paper we demonstrate the presence of two novel in vivo autophosphorylation sites in the c-Kit/stem cell factor receptor (c-Kit/SCFR): Tyr-703 in the kinase insert and Tyr-936 in the C-terminal tail. We furthermore demonstrate that the adapter protein Grb2 is a specific binding partner for both phosphorylated Tyr-703 and phosphorylated Tyr-936,(More)
In this report we show that Tyr568 and Tyr570 are phosphorylated in vivo in the Kit/stem cell factor receptor (Kit/SCFR) following ligand-stimulation. By mutation of Tyr568 and Tyr570 to phenylalanine residues and expression of the mutated receptors in porcine aortic endothelial (PAE) cells, we could demonstrate a loss of activation of members of the Src(More)
With biochemical analysis and with autoradiography based on injection of 5-[3H]hydroxytryptophan, it was possible to demonstrate the presence of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) in early chick embryos as early as the pre-streak stage. The biochemical analysis which covered the early developmental period (0.5-6 days of incubation) revealed an elevated(More)
Depletion of mevalonic acid (MVA), obtained by inhibition of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase using lovastatin, depressed the biosynthesis of dolichyl-phosphate and the rate of N-linked glycosylation and caused growth arrest in the melanoma cell line SK-MEL-2. The growth arrest was partially prevented by addition of high(More)
We have cloned and sequenced the GAL2 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which encodes galactose permease. The GAL2 protein is related to the yeast glucose transporter encoded by the SNF3 gene, and also to mammalian and bacterial sugar permeases. Like the other members of this protein family, GAL2 has twelve hydrophobic segments that are separated by loops(More)
Recent studies have shown that inhibition of N-linked glycosylation using tunicamycin (TM) induces cell death in cultured cells (O. Larsson et al., J. Cell Sci., 106: 299-307, 1993; J. Y. Chang and V. Korolev, Exp. Neurol., 137: 201-211, 1996). The mechanisms underlying TM-induced cell death seem, however, to be complex in nature. In SV40-transformed cells,(More)