Monika Cahová

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In 2008 we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, research on this topic has continued to accelerate, and many new scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Accordingly, it is important to update these guidelines for monitoring autophagy(More)
Mouse eggs and pre-implantation stage embryos express on their surfaces a carbohydrate epitope, TEC-2, defined by an IgM monoclonal antibody, TEC-02. The TEC-2 epitope involves the oligosaccharide sequence GalNAc beta 1----4Gal beta 1----4 that is expressed on the plasma membrane and zona pellucida of mouse eggs and on a very limited number of other cell(More)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is associated with chronic oxidative stress. In our study, we explored the antioxidant effect of antidiabetic metformin on chronic [high-fat diet (HFD)-induced] and acute oxidative stress induced by short-term warm partial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) or on a combination of both in the liver. Wistar rats were fed a standard(More)
This study was designed to test the role of liver lipases in the degradation of liver triacylglycerols (TAG) and to determine the effect of dietary induced TAG accumulation in the liver on regulation of their lipolysis. Male Wistar rats were administered high-fat or high-sucrose diet for two weeks. Individual lipases (HL; TGH; LAL) were identified according(More)
We present data supporting the hypothesis that the lysosomal-autophagy pathway is involved in the degradation of intracellular triacylglycerols in the liver. In primary hepatocytes cultivated in the absence of exogenous fatty acids (FFA), both inhibition of autophagy flux (asparagine) or lysosomal activity (chloroquine) decreased secretion of VLDL (very low(More)
We tested the hypothesis that TAG accumulation in the liver induced by short-term high-fat diet (HFD) in rats leads to the dysregulation of endogenous TAG degradation by lysosomal lipase (LIPA) via lysosomal pathway and is causally linked with the onset of hepatic insulin resistance. We found that LIPA could be translocated between qualitatively different(More)
The aim of the study was to determine the contribution of skeletal muscle, adipose tissue and liver to the impaired glucose clearance manifesting itself during the initial phase of OGTT in a non-obese animal model of insulin resistance, hereditary hypertriglyceridemic (HHTg) rats. Glucose utilisation and storage in insulin target tissues in vivo and in(More)
BACKGROUND Resident macrophages (Kupffer cells, KCs) in the liver can undergo both pro- or anti-inflammatory activation pathway and exert either beneficiary or detrimental effects on liver metabolism. Until now, their role in the metabolically dysfunctional state of steatosis remains enigmatic. Aim of our study was to characterize the role of KCs in(More)
Autophagy is essential for successful white adipocyte differentiation but the data regarding the timing and relevance of autophagy action during different phases of adipogenesis are limited. We subjected 3T3-L1 preadipocytes to a standard differentiation protocol and inhibited the autophagy within time-limited periods (days 0-2; 2-4; 4-6; 6-8) by asparagine(More)