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To better define the role HIV-related chemokine receptor-chemokine axes play in human hematopoiesis, we investigated the function of the CXCR4 and CCR5 receptors in human myeloid, T- and B-lymphoid cell lines selected for the expression of these receptors (CXCR4(+), CXCR4(+) CCR5(+), and CCR5(+) cell lines). We evaluated the phosphorylation of MAPK p42/44,(More)
Because human CD34+ and murine Sca-1+ hematopoietic stem-progenitor cells (HSPCs) express platelet-binding sialomucin P-selectin (CD162) and integrin Mac-1 (CD11b-CD18) antigen, it was inferred that these cells might interact with platelets. As a result of this interaction, microparticles derived from platelets (PMPs) may transfer many platelet antigens(More)
The trans-differentiation hypothesis of adult tissue-specific stem cells has been recently questioned because of insufficient proof that the so-called plasticity experiments were performed on pure populations of tissue-specific stem cells. It was shown recently, for example, that the formation of haematopoietic colonies by muscle cells depended on the(More)
OBJECTIVE Peripheral blood platelet-derived microparticles (PMPs) circulate in blood and may interact directly with target cells affecting their various biological functions. METHODS To investigate the effect of human PMPs on hematopoiesis, we first phenotyped them for expression of various surface molecules and subsequently studied various biological(More)
BACKGROUND Tumour-derived microvesicles (TMVs) may interact with cells of the immune system. Our previous observations indicated that TMVs modulate production of cytokines and reactive oxygen species (ROS) by monocytes. This study was designed to determine the role of TMVs in stimulation of chemokine production by human monocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
MOTIVATION Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are spherical bilayered proteolipids, harboring various bioactive molecules. Due to the complexity of the vesicular nomenclatures and components, online searches for EV-related publications and vesicular components are currently challenging. RESULTS We present an improved version of EVpedia, a public database for(More)
The discovery of extracellular vesicles (EVs) has revised the interpretation of intercellular communication. It is now well established that EVs play a significant role in coagulation, inflammation, cancer and stem cell renewal and expansion. Their release presents an intriguing, transporting/trafficking network of biologically active molecules, which are(More)
Tumour cells are shedding membrane fragments (tumour-derived microvesicles, TMV) that may interact with cells of immune system. Our previous observations indicated that TMV carry several surface determinants and mRNA of tumour cells and transfer some of them to monocytes. This study determined the effect of TMV on biological activity of human monocytes as(More)
This study was designed to determine the characteristics of tumour cell-derived microvesicles (TMV) and their interactions with human monocytes. TMV were shed spontaneously by three different human cancer cell lines but their release was significantly increased upon activation of the cells with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA). TMV showed the presence(More)
Cell membrane microfragments called microvesicles (MV) originating from different cells are circulating in the blood of healthy subjects and their elevated numbers are found in different diseases, including cancer. This study was designed to characterise MV present in plasma of gastric cancer patients. Since majority of MV in blood are platelets-derived(More)