Monik C. Jiménez

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Light-to-moderate alcohol consumption has been consistently associated with lower risk of heart disease, but data for stroke are less certain. A lower risk of stroke with light-to-moderate alcohol intake has been suggested, but the dose response among women remains uncertain and the data in this subgroup have been sparse. METHODS A(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify associations between periodontitis and incidence of cerebrovascular disease. METHODS We analyzed data of 1,137 dentate men in the Veterans Affairs Normative Aging and Dental Longitudinal Study who were followed with triennial medical/dental exams for up to 34 years (mean, 24 years). We evaluated incidence of cerebrovascular events(More)
OBJECTIVE Vitamin D insufficiency is highly prevalent, with particular subgroups at greater risk (e.g. the elderly and those with darker skin). Vitamin D insufficiency may partly explain US racial/ethnic disparities in the prevalence of periodontitis and tooth loss. We evaluated the association between a predictor score of plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Previous research suggests greater risk of coronary heart disease with lower levels of the adrenal steroid dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS). No studies have examined the association between DHEAS and risk of ischemic stroke. DHEAS may influence ischemic stroke risk through atherosclerotic-related mechanisms (endothelial function(More)
BACKGROUND High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), a marker of systemic inflammation, may promote atherosclerosis, particularly among adults with elevated blood pressure; however, data are sparse. We examined the association between hsCRP concentrations and risk of total stroke by hypertension status (normotension, prehypertension, and hypertension)(More)
BACKGROUND Fetuin-A, a protein secreted primarily by the liver, has been associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and insulin resistance. In a recent study, higher circulating fetuin-A was associated with cardiovascular events, particularly ischemic stroke. However, these data have not been replicated. METHODS A nested case control design was used(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Elevated plasma uric acid has been inconsistently associated with an increased risk of total stroke; however, data are sparse amongst women. The association between plasma uric acid concentrations and ischaemic stroke amongst women was examined and the effect modification by key cardiovascular risk factors was evaluated. METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND Several cross-sectional, but few prospective, studies suggest that inflammation may be involved in the development of hypertension. We examined markers of inflammation-high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1-and a marker of fibrinolysis, D-dimer, for their associations with incident(More)
BACKGROUND Fetuin-A may be involved in the etiology of coronary heart disease (CHD) through opposing pathways (ie, promoting insulin resistance and inhibiting ectopic calcification). We aimed to explicitly examine whether systemic inflammation, a factor leading to elevated vascular calcification, may modify the association between fetuin-A and CHD risk. (More)