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BACKGROUND The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and ERBB2 (HER2) pathways and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-dependent angiogenesis have a pivotal role in cancer pathogenesis and progression. Robust experimental evidence has shown that these pathways are functionally linked and implicated in acquired resistance to targeted therapies making(More)
BACKGROUND Neoadjuvant chemotherapy has been successfully used in the treatment of patients with colorectal liver metastases. The selection of patients for surgical resection after chemotherapy still poses a significant clinical challenge. (18)F-FDG PET is a useful tool in the assessment of liver metastases but the data regarding its sensitivity after(More)
AIMS AND BACKGROUND To assess the activity and tolerability of the combination of mitomycin C and capecitabine in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer after failure of irinotecan and oxaliplatin-containing regimens. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed 28 patients with pretreated advanced colorectal cancer who had been treated with mitomycin C, 6(More)
BACKGROUND Gefitinib inhibits the epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase and preclinical studies indicate that it may enhance CPT-11 cytotoxicity. This randomized phase II trial investigates the feasibility and efficacy of gefitinib and 5-fluorouracil, folinic acid, irinotecan (FOLFIRI) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. PATIENTS AND(More)
Individual cases of prolonged complete response (CR) of HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) have been reported following treatment with trastuzumab/chemotherapy, but the frequency of durable remission is unknown [1, 2]. We carried out a retrospective study of long-term outcome of all patients with HER2-positive MBC treated in our institutions with(More)
Double heterozygosity (DH) for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations is a very rare finding, particularly in non-Ashkenazi individuals, and only a few cases have been reported to date. In addition, little is known on the pathological features of the tumors that occur in DH cases and on their family history of cancer. Four carriers of pathogenic mutations in both BRCA1(More)
Intra-arterial chemotherapy in patients with liver metastases from colorectal cancer has some limitations such as hepatic toxicity and extra-hepatic progression. With the aim of overcoming these limitations, a phase II trial was designed to assess the efficacy and tolerability of a hybrid chemotherapy regimen with systemic infusion of oxaliplatin and(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate in current practice the performance of BOADICEA and BRCAPRO risk models and empirical criteria based on cancer family history for the selection of individuals for BRCA genetic testing. PATIENTS AND METHODS The probability of BRCA mutation according to the three tools was retrospectively estimated in 918 index cases consecutively(More)
BACKGROUND Due to its rarity, male breast cancer (mBC) remains an inadequately characterized disease, and current evidence for treatment derives from female breast cancer (FBC). METHODS We retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological characteristics, treatment patterns, and outcomes of mBCs treated from 2000 to 2013. RESULTS From a total of 97(More)
BACKGROUND Zoledronic acid belongs to the new generation of bisphosphonates with demonstrated clinical benefit for the treatment of bone metastases from different kinds of neoplasms. Hypocalcemia and serum creatinine elevation are expected adverse events during this therapy. The monitoring of serum calcium and creatinine is therefore recommended. The(More)