Monica Tijerina

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The acquisition of multidrug resistance in human ovarian carcinoma A2780 cells was investigated after chronic exposure to free mesochlorin e6 monoethylenediamine (Mce6) and N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymer-bound Mce6 (P(GG)-Mce6). The dose that inhibits growth by 50% (IC50) was determined for free Mce6 (2.09 +/- 0.32 microM) and P(GG)-Mce6(More)
Thymosin fraction 5 (TF5) is a partially purified preparation of the bovine thymus possessing immunopotentiating properties. TF5 also stimulates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in vivo and anterior pituitary hormone release in vitro. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is an inflammatory, pyrogenic cytokine that also stimulates hypothalamic and anterior pituitary(More)
Delivery of macromolecular drugs (e.g. antisense oligonucleotides, polymer-drug conjugates, etc.) designed to work in specific sites inside cells is complicated as macromolecules typically have access to fewer biological compartments than small molecules. To better understand the fate of macromolecules in cells and begin to alter that fate, we investigated(More)
We have synthesized N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymer-cell penetrating peptide Tat conjugates and evaluated their subcellular distribution in A2780 human ovarian carcinoma cells by confocal fluorescence microscopy and subcellular fractionation. Our data indicate the transport of these conjugates by a single Tat molecule to both the(More)
One of the main obstacles to efficient intracellular delivery of therapeutic macromolecules is the barrier posed by the plasma membrane. In this study, the cell penetrating peptide Tat was conjugated to a synthetic macromolecule based on N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) and its subcellular distribution in human ovarian carcinoma cell lines was(More)
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is the anabolic standard of care for patients with severe osteoporosis. The CaSR allosteric antagonist JTT-305/MK-5442, a PTH secretagogue, could offer an oral osteoanabolic treatment alternative for postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Here we disclose the pharmacokinetic profile of JTT-305/MK-5442 and its activity on bone(More)
The present studies were undertaken to elucidate the mechanism of induction of glutathione S-transferase (GST) in mouse liver by myristicin, an active constituent of parsley leaf. A/J albino mice, given 5 to 50 mg doses of myristicin, showed 4- to 14-fold increase in liver GST specific activity over the control. GST purified from equal amounts of control(More)
It is essential to understand cellular responses on photodynamic therapy (PDT) to design delivery systems that maximize cytotoxic effects coupled with minimal induction of side effects or protective mechanisms (or both). Here, we investigated mechanisms of toxicity in human ovarian carcinoma A2780 cells treated with structurally diverse(More)
Purpose. Intracellular targets sensitive to oxidized damage generated by photodynamic therapy (PDT) utilizing N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymer-mesochlorin e6 monoethylenediamine (Mce6) conjugates was explored to aid in the design of second-generation PDT delivery systems. Methods. Low temperature, metabolic inhibitor, and nuclear(More)
Photosensitizers, light-sensitive compounds, become activated upon illumination with a specific wavelength of light generating cytotoxic oxygen species. Due to the short half-life of singlet oxygen, the subcellular site of localization and excitation affects the type of cellular damage produced as well as cellular responses to different types of photodamage(More)
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