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PURPOSE Neither hormone-related nor genetics risk factors have been associated with the development of highly proliferative HER2-positive breast carcinomas. Because the majority of HER2-positive tumors present the amplification of the oncogene, we asked whether genomic instability triggered by irradiation might be involved in the induction of(More)
Childhood malignant gliomas are rare, but their clinical behavior is almost as aggressive as in adults, with resistance to therapy, rapid progression, and not uncommonly, dissemination. Our study protocol incorporated sequential chemotherapy and high-dose thiotepa in the preradiant phase, followed by focal radiotherapy and maintenance with vincristine and(More)
Patients with diffuse pontine gliomas have a median survival of less than one year and represent a challenge for pediatric oncologists, prompting them to attempt experimental therapies. From 1987 to 2005, 62 children with diffuse pontine glioma, not amenable to curative surgery, were treated according to four successive pilot protocols: (1) concomitant(More)
To reduce the sequelae of craniospinal irradiation (CSI) in children under 10 (≥3) years old and to improve the prognosis for high-risk medulloblastoma in adolescents, we adjusted postoperative chemotherapy and CSI doses to patients' stage and age. From 1986 to 1995, 73 patients entered the study. Children under 10 and adolescents with metastases, residual(More)
The authors describe a young man with a rare primary spinal germ cell tumor that secreted beta-human chorionic gonadotropin. The tumor was resected, and six courses of adjuvant chemotherapy consisting of cisplatin, bleomycin and etoposide were administered together with irradiation to the craniospinal area. An additional dose of radiation was delivered to(More)
Approximately half of children suffering from recurrent Wilms tumor (WT) develop resistance to salvage therapies. Hence the importance to disclose events driving tumor progression/recurrence. Future therapeutic trials, conducted in the setting of relapsing patients, will need to prioritize targets present in the recurrent lesions. Different studies(More)
The purpose of the study was to determine if abdomen/pelvis computed tomography (CT) can be safety omitted in the initial staging of a subgroup of children affected by Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL). Every participating center of A.I.E.O.P (Associazione Italiana di Ematologia ed Oncologia Pediatrica) sent local staging reports of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron(More)
Primary childhood germ cell tumors (GCTs) represent a rare and heterogeneous group of tumors that varies in histologic differentiation, age of presentation and clinical outcome. In malignant neoplasms, apoptosis is a prognostic marker and a predictive factor of response to therapy. Therefore, the study of the expression and mutation of molecules involved in(More)
Childhood intrinsic brain-stem gliomas have a dismal prognosis. Different treatment strategies have been adopted over the years without changing the final outcome of this ominous disease. Due to this grim prognosis, experimental therapeutic designs are worthwhile. Vinorelbine is a semi-synthetic vinca alkaloid that has demonstrated a broad spectrum of(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of two consecutive nonrandomised treatment programs applied between 1989 and 1999 at the Istituto Nazionale Tumori of Milan in an unselected cohort of 59 children over the age of one with stage 4 neuroblastoma. Both treatment programs consisted of two phases, the induction of the remission phase(More)
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