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This overview tries to bridge the gap between psychoneuroimmunological findings and recent results from pharmacological, neurochemical and genetic studies in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a disorder of dopaminergic neurotransmission, but modulation of the dopaminergic system by glutamatergic neurotransmission seems to play a key role. This view is(More)
The scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI), which is expressed in the liver and intestine, plays a critical role in cholesterol metabolism in rodents. While hepatic SR-BI expression controls high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol metabolism, intestinal SR-BI has been proposed to facilitate cholesterol absorption. To evaluate further the relevance of(More)
Mice deficient in cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase, the rate-limiting enzyme of bile acid biosynthesis, were constructed by targeted disruption of the Cyp7 gene. The introduced mutation removed exons 3-5 of the gene and gave rise to a null allele that encoded no immunoreactive or enzymatically active protein. Heterozygous carriers of the disrupted gene(More)
Bile acids are synthesized via the classic pathway initiated by cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1), and via alternate pathways, one of which is initiated by sterol 27-hydroxylase (CYP27). These studies used mice lacking cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase (Cyp7a1(-/-)) to establish whether the loss of the classic pathway affected cholesterol homeostasis(More)
We describe a metabolic defect in bile acid synthesis involving a deficiency in 7alpha-hydroxylation due to a mutation in the gene for the microsomal oxysterol 7alpha-hydroxylase enzyme, active in the acidic pathway for bile acid synthesis. The defect, identified in a 10-wk-old boy presenting with severe cholestasis, cirrhosis, and liver synthetic failure,(More)
Osmotic stress in ducklings (Anas platyrhynchos) results in salt secretion and adaptive cell proliferation and differentiation in the nasal glands. We investigated whether osmotic stress in vivo or muscarinic ACh receptor activation in vitro changed the expression levels of the cellular protooncogene products Fos and Jun, which may play a role in the(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess implementation of provider-initiated testing and counselling (PITC) for HIV in Malawi. METHODS A review of PITC practices within 118 departments in 12 Ministry of Health (MoH) facilities across Malawi was conducted. Information on PITC practices was collected via a health facility survey. Data describing patient visits and HIV tests(More)
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