Monica Ruffini Castiglione

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Heterochromatin in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana is confined to small pericentromeric regions of all five chromosomes and to the nucleolus organizing regions. This clear differentiation makes it possible to study spatial arrangement and functional properties of individual chromatin domains in interphase nuclei. Here, we present the organization of(More)
The DNA methylation pattern ofVicia faba metaphase chromosomes was examined with a specific monoclonal antibody. 5-methylcytosine (5-mC) residues are present in different chromosomal sites, and are particularly abundant in telomeric and/or subtelomeric regions and in certain intercalary bands. Chromosomal localization of methylated regions enables a better(More)
The sequence of the intergenic spacer (IGS) of Phaseolus coccineus is determined. The IGS contains three distinct regions: Region A, constant in length; Region B, heterogeneous in length among genes, including two very similar segments 162 and 177 bp long, repeated two and nine times respectively in the investigated clone; Region C, constant in length,(More)
Chromosome structure and chromatin organisation of a two-chromosome model cereal Zingeria biebersteiniana (Claus) P. Smirnov were studied: nuclear DNA content was determined by microdensitometric analysis after Feulgen staining; Feulgen absorption at different thresholds of absorbance in interphase nuclei also provided evidence on the organisation of(More)
One standard and two reconstructed barley karyotypes were used to study the influence of chromosomal rearrangements on the distribution pattern of DNA methylation detectable at the chromosome level. Data obtained were also compared with Giemsa N-bands and high gene density regions that had been previously described. The effect of chromosomal reconstruction(More)
Haplopappus gracilis (Nutt.) Gray, one of the five known higher plants with a chromosome number of 2n = 4, was studied from a cytological point of view. The chromosome complement of this species was characterized by means of automated karyotype analysis. Moreover, the DNA methylation pattern and fluorochrome banding were determined and compared with(More)
Automated karyotype analyses, nuclear DNA contents, and sequences of rDNA internal transcribed spacers of the nine species inVicia sect.faba are reported. As karyomorphological parameters are used to evaluate the karyotype evolution, so the determination of the heterochromatin by Feulgen absorption at different thresholds of optical density provided further(More)
Vicia esdraelonensis, a rare taxon belonging to section Hypechusa of subgenus Vicia, was recovered and analyzed by cytological, karyological, and molecular methods, with the aim of both characterizing this species and furthering our knowledge of the phylogeny of subgenus Vicia. Automated karyotype analysis, nuclear DNA content, and chromatin organization(More)
1. The specificity of a monoclonal IgG1 raised against a 5-methylcytidine-keyhole limpet hemocyanin conjugate was investigated by inhibition experiments with soluble competing antigens. 2. A competitive enzyme immunoassay has been set up, with the antigen immobilized on polystyrene microtitration wells. 3. The analysis of the cross-reaction profile allowed(More)
This work was aimed to provide further information about toxicology of TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) on Vicia narbonensis L., considering different endpoints. After exposure to TiO2 nanoparticle suspension (mixture of rutile and anatase, size <100 nm) at four different concentrations (0.2, 1.0, 2.0 and 4.0 ‰), the seeds of V. narbonensis were let to germinate in(More)