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Intravascular pH was measured within the lysosomes and newly formed phagosomes in cultured mouse peritoneal macrophages. The kinetics of pH change in both vacuolar systems was quantitatively determined within a large cell population by fluorescence spectroscopy. Additionally, pH changes within individual phagosomes were followed semiquantitatively using(More)
The excitatory responses of individual dorsal horn neurons to cutaneous brush, repeated application of the C-fibre-selective chemical algogen, mustard oil, or to ionophoretic (1S,3R)-ACPD [a metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) agonist] were monitored by extracellular recording. We have previously shown that the responses of dorsal horn neurons to(More)
Electrophysiological and behavioral studies point to a role of group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR1 and mGluR5) in mediating spinal nociceptive responses in rats. However, antagonists with a high degree of specificity for each of these sites are not yet available. We, therefore, examined the effects of antisense deletion of spinal mGluR1(More)
The weak base ammonium chloride has been previously reported to inhibit lysosomal movements and phagosome-lysosome (Ph-L) fusion in cultured mouse macrophages (M phi), thus reducing delivery, to an intraphagosomal infection, of endocytosed solutes that have concentrated in secondary lysosomes. We have now addressed the question, whether NH4Cl might affect(More)
A combined study of behavioural and electrophysiological tests was carried out in order to assess the role of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) in mediating sensory inputs to the spinal cord of the rat. In the behavioural study the responses of conscious animals, with or without carrageenan-induced inflammation, to noxious mechanical and thermal(More)
When foreign bodies, including many microorganisms, are ingested by cultured macrophages, they become enclosed in phagosomes, with which lysosomes usually fuse and then discharge their enzymes and other contents into the resulting phagolysosomes. Such fusion is, however, diminished or absent after the phagocytosis of some pathogens, notably Mycobacterium(More)
Several antagonists at metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors, when applied ionophoretically, inhibited the excitation of single dorsal horn neurons elicited by cutaneous administration of the C fibre-selective algogen, mustard oil. The selectivity and stereospecificity of AP3 isomers at mGlu, compared to NMDA receptors was confirmed on responses to(More)
The effects on lysosomal movements produced by the weak base ammonium chloride and by a representative polyanion poly-D-glutamic acid (PGA), previously reported to inhibit phagosome-lysosome (P-L) fusion, have been studied in cultured mouse macrophages using direct visual phase-contrast microscopy, a previously described (1, 3, 7) fluorescence assay of(More)
Clonal variants of mouse epidermal JB6 cells that are genetically susceptible (P+) or resistant (P-) to tumor promoter-induced neoplastic transformation exhibit differential activator protein-1 (AP-1) response. Transactivation of AP-1 appears to be necessary but not sufficient to promote transformation in JB6 cells. Inhibition of AP-1 is invariably(More)