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OBJECT Vasospasm is one of the leading causes of morbidity and death following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Many patients suffer devastating strokes despite the best medical therapy. Endovascular treatment is the last line of defense for cases of medically refractory vasospasm. The authors present a series of patients who were treated with a(More)
One of the most challenging issues in the design of system for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) is to keep the energy consumption of the sensor nodes as low as possible. Many localization systems require that the nodes keep the transceiver active during a long time consuming energy. In this work we propose a scheme to reduce the energy consumption of the(More)
OBJECT The authors undertook this cadaveric and angiographic study to examine the microsurgical anatomy of the V₃ segment of the vertebral artery (VA) and its relationship to osseous landmarks. A detailed knowledge of these variations is important when performing common neurosurgical procedures such as the suboccipital craniotomy and the far-lateral(More)
Palladium, platinum, and ruthenium supported on activated carbon were used as catalysts for the selective hydrogenation of 1-heptyne, a terminal alkyne. All catalysts were characterized by temperature programmed reduction, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. TPR and XPS suggest that the metal in all(More)
OBJECTIVE Drawbacks of the far-lateral approach to the lower clivus and pontomedullary region include the morbidity of a large incision extending into the cervical musculature and tedious exposure of the vertebral artery (VA), particularly when performing the transcondylar and transtubercular extensions. The authors describe a minimally invasive alternative(More)
OBJECT Approaching the C2-3 disc level is challenging because of its location behind the mandible and the vital neurovascular structures overlying the area. The purpose of this study was to illustrate in a stepwise fashion the microsurgical anatomy of the submandibular approach to the C2-3 disc. METHODS Ten adult formalin-fixed cadaveric specimens (20(More)
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