Monica Pibiri

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Alpha-lipoic acid (alpha-LA) is an antioxidant used for the treatment of a variety of diseases, including liver cirrhosis, heavy metal poisoining, and diabetic polyneuropathy. In addition to its protective effect against oxidative stress, alpha-LA induces apoptosis in different cancer cells types. However, whether alpha-LA acid induces apoptosis of hepatoma(More)
The notion that an increased expression of immediate early genes such as c-fos and c-jun is an absolute requirement for the G0-G1 transition of the hepatocytes has recently been challenged by the finding that rat liver cell proliferation induced by primary mitogens may occur in the absence of such changes (Columbano and Shinozuka, 1996). To further(More)
The thyroid hormone (T3) affects cell growth, differentiation, and regulates metabolic functions via its interaction with the thyroid hormone nuclear receptors (TRs). The mechanism by which TRs mediate cell growth is unknown. To investigate the mechanisms responsible for the mitogenic effect of T3, we have determined changes in activation of transcription(More)
We previously observed that Gadd45/MyD118, a member of the Gadd45 family of inducible factors, showed the strongest immediate-early induction common to two distinctive proliferation responses of the liver: (1) regeneration induced by surgical partial hepatectomy and (2) hyperplasia induced by the primary mitogen TCPOBOP, a ligand of the constitutive(More)
The nuclear receptor Constitutive Androstane Receptor (CAR) binds DNA as a heterodimer with the retinoic-X receptor and activates gene transcription. Previously, in vitro studies have shown that the testosterone metabolites, androstenol and androstenol, inhibit the constitutive transcriptional activity of CAR, suggesting that differences might exist in the(More)
The effects of chronic treatment with the selective dopamine D1 receptor antagonist, SCH 23390, on the steady-state densities and turnover rates of these receptors were investigated in the striatum and substantia nigra of the rat. To this aim, we assessed the repopulation kinetics of [3H]SCH 23390 binding sites after irreversible inactivation of dopamine D1(More)
Our previous studies have shown a different pattern of immediate early gene and growth factor gene expression between compensatory liver regeneration occurring after cell loss/death and direct hyperplasia induced by primary mitogens. In the present study, modifications in the activation of two transcription factors, NF-kappaB and AP-1; steady-state levels(More)
We have previously demonstrated that hepatocyte proliferation induced by the mitogen 1,4-bis[2-(3,5-dichloropyridyloxy)] benzene (TCPOBOP) is independent of changes in cytokines, immediate early genes, and transcription factors that are considered to be necessary for regeneration of the liver after partial hepatectomy (PH) or necrosis. To further(More)
α-lipoic acid (α-LA) is an antioxidant used for the treatment of a variety of diseases, including liver cirrhosis, heavy metal poisoining, and diabetic polyneuropathy. In addition to its protective effect against oxidative stress, α-LA induces apoptosis in different cancer cells types. However, whether α-LA acid induces apoptosis of hepatoma cells is(More)
Thyroid hormone is known to elicit diverse cellular and metabolic effects in various organs, including mitogenesis in the rat liver. In the present study, experiments were carried out to determine whether thyroid hormone is able to stimulate cell proliferation in another quiescent organ such as the pancreas. 3,5,3'-L-tri-iodothyronine (T3) added to the diet(More)