Monica Pibiri

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The thyroid hormone (T3) affects cell growth, differentiation, and regulates metabolic functions via its interaction with the thyroid hormone nuclear receptors (TRs). The mechanism by which TRs mediate cell growth is unknown. To investigate the mechanisms responsible for the mitogenic effect of T3, we have determined changes in activation of transcription(More)
The nuclear receptor Constitutive Androstane Receptor (CAR) binds DNA as a heterodimer with the retinoic-X receptor and activates gene transcription. Previously, in vitro studies have shown that the testosterone metabolites, androstenol and androstenol, inhibit the constitutive transcriptional activity of CAR, suggesting that differences might exist in the(More)
The effects of chronic treatment with the selective dopamine D1 receptor antagonist, SCH 23390, on the steady-state densities and turnover rates of these receptors were investigated in the striatum and substantia nigra of the rat. To this aim, we assessed the repopulation kinetics of [3H]SCH 23390 binding sites after irreversible inactivation of dopamine D1(More)
Although mammalian cardiomyocytes lose their proliferative capacity after birth, there is evidence that postmitotic cardiomyocytes can proliferate provided that cyclin D1 accumulates in the nucleus. Here we show by Northern blot, Western analysis, and immunohistochemistry that 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3) treatment of adult rats caused an increase of cyclin(More)
Retinoids have been shown to exert an anticarcinogenic effect through suppression of the cell cycle, induction of apoptosis and/or differentiation. In rat liver, in particular, retinoic acid has been shown to inhibit regeneration after partial hepatectomy, most probably through repression of the expression of c-fos and c-jun. Surprisingly enough, in spite(More)
The ability of the liver to regenerate and adjust its size after two/third partial hepatectomy (PH) is impaired in old rodents and humans. Here, we investigated by microarray analysis the expression pattern of hepatic genes in young and old untreated mice and the differences in gene expression profile following PH. Of the 10,237 messenger RNAs that had(More)
The present study was designed to investigate the turnover rates of D1 dopamine receptors in the brain and retina of adult and aged rats. To this aim, we monitored the increase in the density of 3H-SCH 23390 binding sites after the administration of the irreversible antagonist N-ethoxycarbonyl-2-ethoxy-1,2 dihydroquinoline (EEDQ). The results indicate that,(More)
The steady-state density and the turnover rates of D1-dopamine receptors were investigated in the striatum, nucleus accumbens, substantia nigra, and retina of adult (3-month-old) and aged (23-month-old) rats. The turnover rates were measured by monitoring the repopulation kinetics of D1-dopamine receptors labeled with [3H]-SCH 23390 after the irreversible(More)
The present study was designed to examine the steady-state density and the turnover rates of D1 dopamine (DA) receptors in the striatum, nucleus accumbens, substantia nigra, and retina of the rat. The turnover rates were measured by monitoring the repopulation kinetics of D1 DA receptors labelled with [3H]SCH 23390 after the irreversible inactivation(More)
SCH 32615 is a novel inhibitor of the enzyme, neutral endopeptidase (NEP, E.C. 3.4.24.11), the so called 'enkephalinase', which plays a functional role in the degradation of [Met5]- and [Leu5]enkephalin. The present study was designed to assess whether SCH 32615 is able to modify the activity of dopaminergic neurons as reflected by changes in the content of(More)