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The spontaneous mouse grey-lethal (gl) mutation is responsible for a coat color defect and for the development of the most severe autosomal recessive form of osteopetrosis. Using a positional cloning approach, we have mapped and isolated the gl locus from a approximately 1.5 cM genetic interval. The gl locus was identified in a bacterial artificial(More)
UNLABELLED Infantile ARO is a genetic disorder characterized by osteoclast dysfunction that leads to osteopetrosis. We describe a novel mutation affecting the OSTM1 locus responsible for ARO. In addition to common clinical features of osteopetrosis, the patient developed a unique neuronal pathology that provided evidence for an essential role of OSTM1 in(More)
Loss of Ostm1 leads to the most severe form of osteopetrosis in mice and humans. Because functional rescue of the osteopetrotic defect in these mice extended their lifespan from ∼3 weeks to 6 weeks, this unraveled a second essential role of Ostm1. We discovered that Ostm1 is highly expressed in the mouse brain in neurons, microglia, and astrocytes. At 3-4(More)
Osteoporosis is a multifactorial genetic disease characterized by reduction of bone mass due to dysregulation of osteoclast differentiation or maturation. Herein, we identified a regulator of osteoclastogenesis, the murine homolog of inositol polyphosphate 4-phosphatase type IIα (Inpp4bα). Expression of Inpp4bα is detected from early osteoclast(More)
In humans and in mice, mutations in the Ostm1 gene cause the most severe form of osteopetrosis, a major bone disease, and neuronal degeneration, both of which are associated with early death. To gain insight into Ostm1 function, we first investigated by sequence and biochemical analysis an immature 34-kDa type I transmembrane Ostm1 protein with a unique(More)
The most severe form of bone autosomal recessive osteopetrosis both in humans and in the gray-lethal (gl/gl) mouse is caused by mutations in the Ostm1 gene. Although osteopetrosis is usually associated with a defect in the hematopoietic-derived osteoclast cells, this study determined that Ostm1 is expressed in many hematopoietic cells of the myeloid and(More)
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