Monica P. Ramirez

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The "glutamatergic" granule cells of the dentate gyrus transiently express a GABAergic phenotype when a state of hyperexcitability is induced in the adult rat. Consequently, granule cell (GC) activation provokes monosynaptic GABAergic responses in their targets of area CA3. Because GABA exerts a trophic action on neonatal CA3 and mossy fibers (MF)(More)
In the normal granule cells of the dentate gyrus glutamate, GABA and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD67) coexist. After kindled seizures, this enzyme is transiently overexpressed and simultaneous glutamatergic and GABAergic transmission in the mossy fiber projection occurs. Since this dual transmission is also seen after acutely-induced seizures, we decided(More)
Although the granule cells of the dentate gyrus are glutamatergic, they contain the machinery for the synthesis and vesiculation of GABA. Furthermore, glutamic acid decarboxylase and the vesicular GABA transporter mRNA are expressed in the granule cells and mossy fibers in an activity-dependent manner, suggesting that these cells release GABA in addition to(More)
gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA)-mediated neurotransmission from the granule cells to CA3 is transiently expressed during the first 3 weeks of age in the rat. In the adult, seizures provoke this inhibitory signaling to reappear. To gain insight into the origin of GABA in these cells, we explored the expression of both isoforms of glutamic acid decarboxylase(More)
PURPOSE Postnatal retinal Müller glia are considered to be retinal progenitors as they retain the ability to dedifferentiate, proliferate, and differentiate to new retinal glia and neurons after injury. The proliferation and differentiation processes are coordinated by several extrinsic factors and neurotransmitters, including glutamate. Thus, the(More)
In the initial phase of an inflammatory response, leukocytes marginate and roll along the endothelial surface as a result of adhesive interactions between molecules on the endothelial cells and leukocytes. To evaluate the role of the 3 selectins (E, L, and P) in leukocyte rolling and emigration, a null mutation for L-selectin was introduced into previously(More)
OBJECTIVES To improve the accuracy of mining structured and unstructured components of the electronic medical record (EMR) by adding temporal features to automatically identify patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with methotrexate-induced liver transaminase abnormalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS Codified information and a string-matching algorithm were(More)
In the adult retina, N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) neurotoxicity induces Müller cell reactive gliosis which is characterized by changes in gene expression that lead to proliferation and affect retinal physiology. The amino acid D-serine is synthesized in Müller cells and modulates these processes acting as a coagonist of NMDA receptors. We have found that the(More)
— We analyze the structure of the general solution of the two-dimensional electrical impedance equation in analytic form using Taylor series in formal powers, for the case when the conductivity is a separable-variables function only once derivable, using a quaternionic reformulation that leads us to a special kind of Vekua equation. Finally, we broach its(More)