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Cancer cell adhesion to vascular endothelium is a critical process in hematogenous metastasis. We hypothesized that breast cancer cells express ligands that bind under blood flow conditions to E-selectin expressed by endothelial cells. At a hemodynamic wall shear rate, BT-20 and MDA-MB-468 breast cancer cells adhered to cytokine-activated human umbilical(More)
Metastasis of circulating tumor cells requires a multistep cascade of events initiated by adhesion of tumor cells to the vascular endothelium of involved tissues. This process occurs under the forces of blood flow and is promoted by adhesion molecules specialized to interact under shear conditions. The endothelial molecule E-selectin is a major mediator of(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate the molecular constituents mediating LS174T colon adenocarcinoma cell adhesion to 4-h TNF-alpha-stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) under flow. At 1 dyn/cm(2), approximately 57% of cells rolled and then became firmly adherent, whereas others continuously rolled on endothelium. Initial cell(More)
Selectins on activated vascular endothelium mediate inflammation by binding to complementary carbohydrates on circulating neutrophils. The human neutrophil receptor for E-selectin has not been established. We report here that sialylated glycosphingolipids with 5 N-acetyllactosamine (LacNAc, Galbeta1-4GlcNAcbeta1-3) repeats and 2 to 3 fucose residues are(More)
Although well recognized that expression of E-selectin on marrow microvessels mediates osteotropism of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs), our knowledge regarding the cognate E-selectin ligand(s) on HSPCs is incomplete. Flow cytometry using E-selectin-Ig chimera (E-Ig) shows that human marrow cells enriched for HSPCs (CD34(+) cells) display greater(More)
Engagement of vascular E-selectin and leukocyte L-selectin with relevant counter-receptors expressed on tumor cells contributes to the hematogenous spread of colon carcinoma. We recently demonstrated that the LS174T colon carcinoma cell line expresses the CD44 glycoform known as hematopoietic cell E-/L-selectin ligand (HCELL), which functions as a high(More)
Cell migration in blood flow is mediated by engagement of specialized adhesion molecules that function under hemodynamic shear conditions, and many of the effectors of these adhesive interactions, such as the selectins and their ligands, are well defined. However, in contrast, our knowledge of the adhesion molecules operant under lymphatic flow conditions(More)
The initial selectin-dependent events that mediate tumor cell tethering to platelets, leukocytes, and vascular endothelium can regulate the extravasation and colonization of metastatic cells into distant tissues. Little is known, however, about the identity of selectin counter-receptors on tumor cells, which facilitate the metastatic process. To address(More)
Selectins and fibrin(ogen) play key roles in the hematogenous dissemination of tumor cells, and especially of colon carcinomas. However, the fibrin(ogen) receptor(s) on colon carcinoma cells has yet to be defined along with its relative capacity to bind fibrinogen versus fibrin under flow. Moreover, the functional P-selectin ligand has yet to be validated(More)
This study was undertaken to characterize the adhesion of LS174T colon adenocarcinoma cells to 4-h TNF-alpha-stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) under flow in the presence and absence of platelets and erythrocytes. Cell binding to HUVECs was significantly enhanced by simultaneous perfusion of thrombin-activated, but not resting,(More)