Monica L. Hernandez

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Previous evidence suggests that the endogenous cannabinoid system could emerge and be operative early during brain development. In the present study, we have explored the distribution of specific binding for cannabinoid receptors in rat brain at gestational day 21 (GD21), postnatal days 5 (PND5) and 30 (PND30), and at adult age (> 70 days after birth) by(More)
Alterations in the activity of striatal dopaminergic neurons have been implicated in the development of morphine tolerance-dependence in rodents. To further explore this possibility, we examined the activity of these neurons in mice exposed to morphine during 4 days (addiction group) and subsequently treated with naloxone (withdrawal group). The efficiency(More)
Cannabinoid receptors and their endogenous ligands constitute a novel modulatory system that is involved in specific brain functions, such as nociception, control of movement, memory and neuroendocrine regulation. Recently, it has also been suggested that this system is involved in brain development. Studies have used a variety of techniques to elucidate(More)
In the present work, we analyzed cannabinoid receptor mRNA expression, binding and activation of signal transduction mechanisms in the fetal rat brain or in cultures of fetal neuronal or glial cells. Cannabinoid receptor binding and mRNA expression were already measurable at GD14, but they were only located in discrete regions at GD16. Among these, the(More)
Cannabinoid consumption has been reported to affect several neurotransmitter systems and their related behaviors. The present study has been designed to examine cannabinoid effects on certain behaviors, which have been currently located in the limbic forebrain, in parallel to their effects on mesolimbic dopaminergic neurons. To this end, male rats treated(More)
The incubation of cultured fetal mesencephalic neurons with Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(9)-THC) increased the activity of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and this increase was reversed by SR141716A, a specific antagonist for cannabinoid CB(1) receptors. In the present work, we extended these earlier observations by addressing two objectives. First, we(More)
There is recent evidence supporting the notion that the cannabinoid signaling system plays a modulatory role in the regulation of cell proliferation and migration, survival of neural progenitors, neuritic elongation and guidance, and synaptogenesis. This assumption is based on the fact that cannabinoid 1-type receptors (CB(1) receptors) and their ligands(More)
Perinatal exposure to cannabinoid derivatives has been shown to produce effects on brain development. In this study, we evaluated the changes induced by maternal exposure to hashish crude extract (HCE) during gestation and lactation in several biochemical indices of dopamine activity in the striatum and the limbic forebrain of offspring. Studies were(More)
In this work, we have studied the changes in the functional state of nigrostriatal (NSDA) and mesolimbic (MLDA) dopaminergic neurons during the estrous cycle of the female rat. The activity of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the turnover rate (Kt) after inhibition of dopamine (DA) synthesis and the ratio between the contents of this amine and its metabolite,(More)
In addition to those functions that have been extensively addressed in this special issue, such as nociception, motor activity, neuroendocrine regulation, immune function and others, the endogenous cannabinoid system seems to play also a role in neural development. This view is based on a three-fold evidence. A first evidence emerges from neurotoxicological(More)