Monica J Vaccaro

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of methylphenidate on a variety of aspects of attention, ranging from laboratory-based impairment measures to caregiver ratings and work productivity, in individuals after traumatic brain injury. DESIGN A total of 34 adults with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury and attention complaints in the postacute phase of(More)
OBJECTIVE To ascertain consumer experiences and attitudes regarding the use of portable electronic devices as memory and organizational aids after traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN Survey study. SETTING Post-acute TBI rehabilitation programs, research registries. PARTICIPANTS Eighty persons with moderate to severe TBI interviewed a median of 3.7(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of bromocriptine on a variety of aspects of attention, ranging from laboratory-based impairment measures to caregiver ratings and work productivity, in individuals after traumatic brain injury. DESIGN Twelve adults with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury and attention complaints in the postacute phase of recovery(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between executive function and awareness of real-world behavioral and attentional dysfunction in persons with moderate and severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and uninjured controls. DESIGN Observational 2-group study. PARTICIPANTS Thirty-six persons with moderate to severe TBI and residual cognitive deficits,(More)
OBJECTIVE : To examine the feasibility and gather preliminary data on the efficacy of a fully manualized, 8-session, psychoeducational treatment for irritability and anger after traumatic brain injury (TBI), called anger self-management training (ASMT). PARTICIPANTS : A total of 10 persons with moderate to severe, chronic TBI with significant cognitive(More)
Emerging evidence from recent studies using laboratory and naturalistic attention tasks suggests that individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) may have a deficit mainly in strategic control of attention. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that inattentive behavior after TBI could be predicted by performance on psychometric measures of(More)
BACKGROUND Psychostimulants are used commonly in the rehabilitation of individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI), despite the dearth of well-controlled studies of their effects. The available literature suggests that these drugs predominantly affect the speed of cognitive processing and certain observational ratings of mood and behavior. Effects on(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a method for establishing the presence of command-following in individuals with traumatic brain injury, based on the principles of single-subject experimental design. DESIGN A series of single-subject experiments, individualized to the particular command-following question about a particular patient. SETTING An inpatient(More)
PURPOSE To examine experiences among individuals in the USA with traumatic brain injury (TBI) regarding their access to and use of the Internet, problems encountered, and desire for improved Internet access and skills. METHOD An in-depth survey was administered as a semi-structured interview to 80 individuals at least 3 months post moderate to severe TBI.(More)
Effective instructional and behavioral support strategies implemented by trained educators can help mitigate the academic and behavioral challenges associated with childhood brain injury. However, the training provided by university teacher preparation programs is clearly inadequate, a problem that cuts across the professions that work with school-aged(More)